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Elements of Reasoning and Intellectual Standards

For our assignment this week, you may choose either Option A or Option B. Regardless of the option you choose, be sure to read through the entire assignment directions before crafting your essay.

Additionally, use the Week Six Assignment Organization Guide to help you organize your paper.

HU260 W6 Assignment Organization Guide

Option A

Using the Eight Elements of Reasoning that were outlined in week two (purpose, problem, information, concepts, assumptions, inferences, points of view, implications, or consequences) choose a news article and break it down according to those elements. Make sure you address each of these elements. If one of these elements does not apply to your article (rare), address that in your essay and explain how the article could have been improved by including it or how the author is justified in leaving it out.

Option B

Describe how each of the Eight Intellectual Standards (clarity, accuracy, precision, relevance, depth, breadth, logic, and fairness) were used or not used in the article, supported by an example. If one of these standards does not apply to your article (rare), address that in your essay and explain how the article could have been improved by including it or how the author is justified in leaving it out.

 

For either option you choose:

Write an introduction identifying the reasons for choosing either Option A or Option B and justify your reasoning.

In the conclusion of your essay, describe how you feel the article is biased.

Keep in mind, for either option you are being asked to analyze the article/author itself/himself/herself, NOT the topic discussed. Do not include your own opinion/position on the topic being addressed.

 
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Posted by on July 23, 2018 in academic writing

 

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HU 260 Strategies in Decision Making

Class,

Use this organizational guide to help you in analyzing your article this week.  As you write your analysis, make sure that you are looking at the article and the way the author presented his or her position, not the topic or the position of the author itself.  If you have any questions or concerns, please reach out to your instructor.  Thanks again!

If you chose to analyze the elements of thought, it may look like this…

 

Elements of Thought in Reasoning

Introduction – Introduce your article.

Purpose – What is the central aim of the story?  Why did reporter write the story? Explain.

Question – What is the writer’s question?  What problem is the reporter addressing? Explain.

Information – What information is relevant to the problem?  What data and facts did the article present? Explain.

Inferences – What conclusion did the writer jump to, based on the facts? Explain.

Concepts – What line of thinking is the writer using? What was the writer’s theme? Explain.

Assumptions – What assumptions is the writer making?  What assumptions should the writer not make?  Explain.

Implications – What does the writer believe should happen next based on the facts?  Explain.

Point of View – How does the writer look at the situation and did he or she consider other points of view?  Explain.

ConclusionWhat logical fallacies and bias were present in the article? Explain.

-OR-

 

If you chose to analyze the intellectual standards, it may look like this…

 

Intellectual Standards

Introduction – Introduce your article.

Clarity – Could the writer have elaborated or given more examples?  Explain.

Accuracy – Was it possible to check on the writer’s facts?  Were they true? Explain.

Precision – Was the writer specific?  Could he or she have given more detail?  Explain.

Relevance – Is this article relevant to its topic or to society? Explain.

Depth – What are some of the complexities the writer talked about or left out?  Explain.

Breadth – Did the writer consider any other points of view?  Did he or she look at the issue in any other way?  Explain.

Logic – Did the writer make sense?  Did the writing flow logically from one paragraph to the next?  Explain.

Fairness – Did the writer present enough viewpoints to be fair? Did the writer have a vested interest in the article topic?  Explain.

ConclusionWhat logical fallacies and bias were present in the article? Explain.

 

References

About. (n.d.). Retrieved March 24, 2014, from Marybeth Holleman: http://www.marybethholleman.com/aboutmarybeth.php

Holleman, M. (2014, March 24). After 25 years, Exxon Valdez oil spill hasn’t ended. Retrieved March 24, 2014, from CNN: http://www.cnn.com/2014/03/23/opinion/holleman-exxon-valdez-anniversary/index.html?hpt=hp_t4

Pugh, C. Elements of Thought. [PDF document]. Retrieved from Lecture Notes Online Web site: http://www.teacherpugh.com/grantham/pdf/Standards%20Cheat%20Sheet.pdf

-or-

Pugh, C. Intellectual Standards. [PDF document]. Retrieved from Lecture Notes Online Web site: http://www.teacherpugh.com/grantham/pdf/Standards%20Cheat%20Sheet.pdf

 

 
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Posted by on October 6, 2016 in academic writing

 

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