Tag Archives: annotated Bibliography

annotated bibliography

Instructions: This Toulmin argument essay should be between 900 and 1000 words, excluding the required annotated bibliography written in MLA.

This Toulmin argument essay is written in third person with two opposing sides.
This essay must include a minimum of five sources.  Three should be peer-reviewed sources, preferably from the APUS databases. From the library welcome page, click on Advanced Search at the bottom of the page and then check the “peer reviewed” sources box filter.


This video will hopefully clarify the term, “peer-reviewed”:  You may use eBooks; however, as discussed in your textbook, books generally are not as current as peer-reviewed articles.  You may also use primary sources (interviews, statistics, etc); however, these primary sources should be obtained from experts within that field.  If you cannot find strong sources for your chosen topic, then change your topic. If you have a question about the validity of a source, please email me, or post your question to the open forum.


Note: Consider your audience as laymen in the field with only general knowledge of your topic.

Make sure to include the following sections in your essay:

an introduction and claim,
and a conclusion.

Within the body of your essay, make sure to include the following in any order:

support for your claim,
opposing or alternate views,
the strengths and weaknesses of your opponents’ claims,
and your rebuttals of their claims.
TOPIC: Puppy Mills

Thesis Statement:

Although many people like to purchase pure breed dogs from puppy mills for various reasons, many are unaware of the living conditions, health problems, and mistreatment of these dogs are put through making puppy mills horrible places to obtain dogs from.



Annotated Bibliography

1. Choose a topic related to one (or two) to a particular person or subject in the humanities of the twentieth or twenty-first century and find six books or articles of high quality that will be useful for writing about that topic.

2. Write an introductory paragraph giving an overview of your findings and summarizing the general trends you can perceive in the field, including what you think might be fruitful areas for further investigation.

3. Create bibliography entries for each item.

Each annotated bibliography entry should begin by identifying the source being annotated in correct MLA Documentation style and contain these items:

A brief description of the author’s topic, thesis, and methodology.
A sentence or two describing the way the author organizes the text.
Anything else important about the author’s goals or intended audience.
Your entire assignment should be about 1,500-1,800 words long.

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Posted by on October 24, 2017 in academic writing, Academic Writing



Annotated Bibliography

Annotated Bibliography



For this assignment, you will find 8 sources on your chosen topic representing a range of perspectives and including both expository and argumentative genres. You should begin with a brief introduction that explains your subject and how your sources support your research project. For each source, create an MLA or APA works cited entry and compose a 4-5 sentence summary and evaluation of the source. You may not use encyclopedia entries or other similar sources for this project. You must use AT LEAST two scholarly sources. All sources must have been published within the last five years.


Important Dates:

Rough Draft Due: Monday, October 16th, by the end of class

Peer Review Due: Wednesday, October 18th, by the end of class

Final Draft Due: Sunday, October 29th, by 11:59 p.m.


Important Features:


  1. Complete bibliographical information: are your citations in the proper format and alphabetized?
  2. A brief summary or description: do you summarize all the major features of your chosen articles?
  3. Evaluative Comments: is the source authoritative and up-to-date? What are its strengths and weaknesses?
  4. Some indication of how each source informs your research: how can this source be used in your research project paper?





  1. Be consistent in your presentation. Adopt a format for your citations and annotations and stick with it. Consider using a rhetorical précis format or other template to keep yourself consistent.
  2. Consider how your sources fit together. Do they contradict or support each other?  What perspectives do they demonstrate?  Are there any perspectives you feel are missing from your sources?
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Posted by on October 12, 2017 in Academic Writing



Paper _3 Annotated Bibliography

English 1302

Paper #3 / Annotated Bibliography

The above link offers more information about the process, but follow the directions below to achieve the maximum points.


Paper #3 is the annotated  bibliography for your argumentative essay (Paper #4).  Even though #3 is not the same format as a regular academic essay, I will grade it on the same scale as the other essays (100 points).

You need to research 10 secondary sources. Nine must be from the library databases, and one may be from the Internet.  Be sure your Internet source is a valuable support source for your argument.

Your sources must be from 10  different  journals , books, and websites.

Each source citation should contain the following:

  1. Proper MLA citation (5 pts. each source for a total of 50 pts.)
  2. Brief (2 sentences) summary of the article (2 pts. each source for a total of 20 pts.)
  3. Brief (2 sentences) comment on the usefulness of the source to your argument (3 pts. each source for a total of 30 pts.







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Posted by on November 17, 2016 in academic writing, Uncategorized



Homelessness in the United States and Poverty in the United State

English 110                   Project 2:  Problems in Public Affairs

3rd person, 3-4 pages, 3 sources minimum, MLA Documentation

For the second project in English 110, think about the different ways that the Public Affairs theme affects a few particular issues you care about.  The theme is a broad idea that helps us to focus differently on common and uncommon issues. Different themes give us a different angle for our examination of a particular topic, like different camera angles for an instant replay in a sporting event.

This second project is an exploratory writing. An exploratory writing is a neutral, objective overview of a topic. Different than an argumentative essay, an exploratory essay simply provides information from different angles without taking a particular side. Using your research, you should be able to build a fairly comprehensive description of the various opinions surrounding a topic. This assignment lets you explore two potential topics for Project 4, the longer researched argument.

For Project 2, you should identify two issues that you might be interested to work on this semester.  For each issue, you should

  • Find at least one scholarly article for each topic. (You should have three in total.)
  • Identify the issue and its context. (This can involve giving history, defining terms, and providing any other useful information for understanding the issue.) I would recommend a paragraph of context.
  • Identify the various arguments involved in the issue. This is like identifying the different instant replay camera angles. What are all the positions or concerns (not just for or against)? Give equal time to all sides, and do not take a side. Use research to back up the different positions. I would recommend at least one paragraph per argument.
  • Discuss how the Public Affairs theme of self-governance affects the issue and why this issue is relevant today. This should be a brief paragraph.
  • Document your sources in an MLA Works Cited page. Cite in text as needed. On the Works Cited page, for each source, include the following information (like an Annotated Bibliography):
    • Who is the author?
    • Why is the author credible? (as opposed to biased)
    • Where was the article published?
    • Is the publication credible? Or is it a biased source (e.g. MSN, Slate, FoxNews)

This is still not a traditional essay, so you don’t need to write an introduction to the whole project of two issues, nor do you have to transition between the issues; however, within each of the two sections it should be clear what it is that you’re discussing.



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Posted by on September 28, 2016 in Article Review, Uncategorized


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Annotated Bibliography

As an individual, you will be required to turn in an annotated bibliography in APA style with no fewer than 5 separate academic sources, outlining the research that you personally completed for the group research project. You must bring in a hard copy of this assignment on the due date outlined in the course schedule to receive credit for this assignment. Full credit will only be given for annotated APA style citations.

You also need to submit your annotated bibliography under the “Files” tab of your research team’s homepage using the following format for your document title: abLastnameFirstname.doc, EXAMPLE: abPondAmelia.doc

Example of Annotated Citation:

Mackelprang, R., Salsgiver, R. (1999). Disability: A Diversity Model Approach in Human Service Practice. Pacific Grove, CA: Brooks/Cole Publishing Company.

This book explains disability from a socio-cultural perspective, the history of disability in the U.S, and describes different types of disabilities. The book provides personal insight concerning individuals with disability due to many firsthand accounts of disabled individuals’ experiences. The book also explains the public world’s view of individuals with disabilities and how these views influence disabled individual’s identity development and how the public, health professionals, and human service providers treat disabled people.

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Posted by on June 17, 2016 in academic writing, Uncategorized



How to prepare a professional annotated Bibliography

An annotated bibliography is a list of citations to articles, books, and documents. A short descriptive and evaluative paragraph follows each citation.  It is meant to educate the reader of the accuracy, relevance,  and quality of the sources quoted.

Creating a annotated bibliographies call for the application of intellectual skills: concise exposition, concise analysis, and knowledgeable research.  Start by locating and recording  citations to books, periodicals, and documents that may contain useful information and ideas on a subject. Then examine and review the actual items and select those works that provide several perspectives on  the subject.

Write a concise annotation that summarizes the central theme and scope of the book or article. Include one or more sentences that:

  • Gives an evaluation of the authority or background of the author,
  • Talks about the intended audience,
  • Compares and contrasts the project with cited sources
  • Gives an explanation of how this work illuminates the bibliography topic.
  • Highlights the relevance of  the bibliography

The importance of citing sources and compiling a general index is that one can validate that have done some valid research to support the claims and argument.  The instructor can refer to a citation in the  bibliography and then go look up the material. When inspired by the debate, researchers can go to the origins. They may wish verify an interpretation made, or they may just want to continue researching.

A commented on list of sources gives particular data about every source one has utilized.   This makes one an expert on the subject;  you have the ability to explain the content of your sources, evaluate their usefulness, and educate others who might be less acquainted. Think about your paper as a significant aspect of a discussion with individuals intrigued by the same things.  The book reference allows you to tell readers what to check out, what might be worth looking at in some circumstances.

An excellent bibliography encourages one to reason critically about the content of the works they are using and their place in the field of study.  It is an indication that one has read and comprehended the sources and establishes work as a valid source and the student a competent researcher.

The main elements of an annotation may be:

  • A summary of the source
  • The source’s strengths and weaknesses
  • Conclusion
  • Relevance of the source in the field of study
  • Its relationships to other studies in the field
  • An evaluation of the research methodology
  • Information about the author’s background
  • Personal perspective about the source

 Some of the mistakes to avoid when preparing annotated Bibliography include:

  • Using the inappropriate Citation Format and Style. Always recheck citations, both in-text and in the References or Works Cited list.
  • Not having enough time to proofread and correct errors.
  • Not using proper grammar, punctuation and correct spelling,

There are numerous resources where one can learn and find annotated Bibliography samples for guidance.

While doing these annotated bibliographies, confirm with the instructor to determine which writing style is preferred.  For professionally written unique papers and invaluable information and assistance, one can visit .

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Posted by on June 8, 2016 in academic writing, Uncategorized