English 102-12: English Composition II

19 Mar

English 102-12:  English Composition II

Spring 2018

Tuesday and Thursday 11:10am – 12:30pm

Kenney Hall 70-336


Instructor:  Mark Henderson

Office:  Kenney Hall 70-329


Office Phone:  (334) 725-2337 (for use during office hours only)

Office Hours:  Monday, Wednesday, and Friday from 9 am to 11 am


Required texts: 


X.J. Kennedy and Dana Gioia.  Backpack Literature:  An Introduction to Fiction,                                  Poetry, Drama, and Writing, 5th edition.  Pearson/Longman, 2016.


Course Description: 


English 102 is a continuation of English 101, which is a prerequisite for the course.  In English 102, students build on the writing skills developed in English 101, but turn their attention to organizing more complex ideas.  This is accomplished through reading, discussing, and writing about literature.  Students are introduced to library and Internet research, and they are required to complete research papers.


Course Prerequisite:  Students must have passed English 102 with a grade of C or better to enroll in English 207.


Grading Policy: 


Letter grades will be based on the following scale (10-point):

A = 90-100%; B = 80-89%; C = 70-79%; D = 60-69%; F = 59% or lower.


Midterm Essay                                                            20%

Midterm Exam                                                           20%

Final Essay                                                                 30%

Final Exam                                                                 30%


Remember that you must earn a C to receive credit for this course as a core requirement.



EXAMS do NOT consist of multiple choice, matching, fill-in-the-blank, etc., but IDENTIFICATION items that require your familiarity with the title (with correct punctuation and spelling), author (full name and correct spelling), and plot elements of each work discussed in class, along with 1-paragraph-minimum critical responses to discussion questions.  The questions given for the attendance quizzes (more on that below) will give you a sense of the kinds of questions asked on the exams.  Anything from the readings and discussed in class is fair game for the exams.


Grading Standards:  (not to be confused with the actual grading RUBRIC, which will appear later in this syllabus)


C Paper:  “Competent”


  • answers the assigned question; addresses the assigned prompt successfully
  • contains a clear thesis statement and supports that thesis in the body of the paper utilizing examples from the texts as evidence and commentary on those examples
  • may contain some grammar/mechanical error that do not interfere with reader understanding


B Paper:  “Good”


  • meets the above criteria for content, but also is well-organized, with a reasonable plan for paragraph order and effective transitions between and within paragraphs
  • appropriate word choice and style
  • very few grammar/mechanical errors


A Paper:  “Excellent”


  • meets the above criteria (for B) for content and organization
  • virtually no grammar/mechanical errors
  • an especially unique or analytical thesis statement
  • displays an especially polished style and word choice


D Paper:


  • does not fully address the assignment or prompt
  • lacks support
  • contains significant grammar/mechanical errors that interfere with reader understanding


F Paper:


  • completely off-topic and/or incomplete
  • significant grammar/mechanical errors that interfere with reader understanding






According to Tuskegee University Academic Regulations and Procedures for Undergraduates, “Students are expected to attend all their scheduled University classes” (p. 12).  Attendance will be taken (in the form of an attendance quiz) at the beginning of every class.  Missing a significant number of classes will hurt not only your grade (since 10% of it is participation) but your sense of where we are class-wise (your understanding of assignments).


GROUP ATTENDANCE QUIZZES/WRITING RESPONSES:  ATTENDANCE for a class such as composition/literature, for which class discussion and participation is crucial, means more than just using your body to physically displace air volume in the classroom space; it also means that you come to class PREPARED.  I will not be lecturing to you, but requiring you to take a more active role in the class by GUIDING your own group discussions/responses.  Therefore, I record attendance according to your performance on a group quiz/writing response that will be given at the beginning (the first 10-15 minutes) of EVERY class period.  The quiz/writing response questions (usually 2-4 questions) will ask for critical responses (more than just one sentence) based upon the assigned reading(s) or topic(s).  As I use these quiz questions to guide class discussions, I will not be expecting perfect or “correct” answers to the questions, but ballpark proof of your having read the assignment(s) and engaged in a fruitful group discussion.  Each group member hands in a separate paper.


If it is clear from your quiz answers that you did not read the assignment (be it undisguised unfamiliarity or B.S.) or are not taking the quiz/writing response seriously, your performance will be recorded as an absence.


If I hear you discussing anything other than the reading material or notice that you are being “dead weight” (noncontributing) within your group, your performance will be recorded as an absence.  Should you feel that someone in your group is not contributing and taking advantage of the rest of the group, feel free to notify me confidentially.


If you come to class late, you will work by yourself until someone else who happens to be late comes to class after you.  I will not allow you to join a group that was on time and who have already begun the group quiz; I will under no circumstances tolerate such interruption and inconsideration.


Each student is allowed 5 absences (excused OR unexcused) before midterm, then 5 more absences before the end of the semester (because, for whatever the reason, more than 10 absences from a class in a single semester is outlandish—and, in fact, simply not being a responsible student—in fact, not a student at all).  FOR EVERY ABSENCE AFTER THAT I will deduct 5 points from the corresponding essay assignment.  There are no “make-ups” for these group quizzes.


In short, be in class and be on time to class, respect your group members and classmates, and be prepared by reading your assignments.




Late Assignments:


If you miss a due date for an essay assignment, 5 points will be subtracted for each class meeting the assignment is late.


I will not remind you if you haven’t turned it in; it is your job to keep up with your own work and whether or not you have submitted it.  You have all of the information concerning assignment due dates on this syllabus.


I will only accept papers turned in IN CLASS in HARD COPY form.  No e-mail submissions, no office submissions, no under-the-office-door submissions. 

I will also not accept printer-related excuses.  Plan ahead.



Make-Up Exams:  Given that the only exams given for this class are the midterm exam and the final exam, NO EXCUSES will be accepted for missing an exam.



Classroom Behavior / Cell Phone Policy:


Use of cell phones is not allowed in this class.  You should set your cell phone to silent or turn it off completely during class.  Whether you turn it off or not, you are not to use it during class in any way.  This especially includes texting; if I catch you texting, I will deduct 5 POINTS per incident from your next paper/essay assignment.


Any disruptions of class (talking, etc.) will also not be tolerated.  If it gets especially out of hand, I will ask you to leave, and I reserve the right to call security should you refuse.



Academic Honesty:


Plagiarism includes such acts as submitting a paper that was wholly or partly written by someone else, submitting a paper that was obtained from files or other organizations on or off campus, submitting a paper obtained from the Internet or other services that supply college papers, or submitting as your own work a paper or parts of a paper copied or paraphrased from other sources without properly citing those sources.  If I find you have submitted a plagiarized paper, I will follow the procedures outlined on page 28 of the Tuskegee University Academic Regulations and Procedures for Undergraduates.



Contacting Me:


Outside of office hours, the best way to get in touch with me is via email.  You should expect a reply within 24 hours during the week and within 48 hours on weekends.





Email and Blackboard/STARFISH Policy Implementation:


Email policy:


There is an expanding reliance on electronic communication among students, administrators, faculty, and staff within educational institutions, including Tuskegee University.  The Gmail Email system at Tuskegee University is REQUIRED for ALL instructional administrators, faculty, staff, and students.


The purpose of its required use is to ensure sufficient and uniform communication and transmission of all official related business that bear on teaching and learning.  Failure to receive and read MYTU email in a timely manner does not absolve employees and students from knowing or complying with the content of such relevant communications.



Blackboard/STARFISH policy:


            ALL instructional administrators, faculty, staff, and students are REQUIRED to use Blackboard and STARFISH.  STARFISH is the recently implemented system which monitors variables that signal less than productive student engagement in the teaching and learning process.  STARFISH is located in Blackboard and it provides faculty and staff with a convenient record and alert system to keep track of students’ performance, class attendance, lack of textbooks, and other patterns of behavior that negatively impact student learning outcomes.

Blackboard/STARFISH use and operations will be monitored by the Office of the Provost.


Please contact Campus Technology at 334-727-8040 for assistance in activating and/or accessing your Email and Blackboard account.


I often post important materials and make important class announcements via Blackboard.  You are required to regularly check Blackboard to keep yourself properly updated in the class.















English 102-12

Spring 2018 Calendar


1/9                   syllabus; introduction to class; writing sample; writing about literature and the importance of literary reading (group exercise); Midterm Essay assigned


1/11                 introduction to short fiction:  “The Appointment in Samarra” (online, W.

                        Somerset Maugham translation); “Godfather Death” (12)



1/16                 introduction to poetry:  “In a Station of the Metro” (432); “Driving to Town Late

to Mail a Letter” (443)


1/18                 point of view:  “The Tell-Tale Heart” (40)



1/23                 introduction to drama:  Oedipus the King (686-711)


1/25                 archetype:  from Dr. Faustus (Act 2, Scene 2) (657-662); “The Negro Speaks of

Rivers” (594)


1/29                 “Cathedral” (85); character:  “The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock” (579)


2/1                   (Academic Conference; No Class)



2/6                   dialogue:  from The Importance of Being Earnest (665-669); “Girl” (56)


2/8                   objective description (the objective correlative):  “A Clean, Well-Lighted Place”

(151); irony:  “The Gospel According to Mark” (123)



2/13                 “Mending Wall” (583) and “Birches” (585); metafiction/metatextuality:  “Happy Endings” (256)


2/15                 metafiction/ metatextuality:  “The Gift of the Magi” (271); “Out, Out—” (371); “Loves Calls Us to the Things of This World” (427)



2/20                 the Gothic:  “Young Goodman Brown” (260); symbol:  “The Chrysanthemums” (206)


2/22                 setting:  “The Storm” (104); “The Story of an Hour” (179)



2/27                 “A Rose for Emily” (32); review for Midterm Exam


3/1                   Midterm Essay due; Midterm Exam


3/6                   Spring Break


3/8                   Spring Break



3/13                 “Araby” (296); “Dead Men’s Path” (187)


3/15                 “Rite of Passage” (395); “Do not go gentle into that good night” (506)



3/20                 “The Ones Who Walk Away from Omelas” (229)


3/22                 “The Lottery” (235)



3/27                 “The Yellow Wall-Paper” (260)


(Note:  Wednesday, 3/28/2018, is the last day to withdraw from a class without a grade



3/29                 Easter Break



4/3                   “We Wear the Mask” (507); “Medusa” (543); “Facing It” (530)


4/5                   El Santo Americano (1017-1022)



4/10                 “A Good Man is Hard to Find” (336)


4/12                 “Because I could not stop for Death” (577); “Annabel Lee” (609); “Ozymandias” (614); “The Emperor of Ice-Cream” (615)



4/17                 “Where Are You Going, Where Have You Been?” (307)


4/19                 “London” (422); “Leda and the Swan” (472); Trifles (633-645)



4/24                 peer review of Final Essay; review for Final Exam


4/26                 last day of classes; Final Essay due; review for Final Exam (continued)









Content:  (points indicate DEDUCTIONS)


Adequate length (points are deducted fractionally, depending on how far the essay falls short of the length, before any other point deduction is even considered)


Unclear thesis statement (10 points)

Extensive plot summary (20 points)

Poor organization, focus, and/or paragraphing (10 points)

“Padding” (10 points)

Nonexistent conclusion (10 points)

Weak and/or repetitive conclusion (5 points)

Missing quotes WITH citations (10 points)

No Works Cited page (10 points)



Style:  (points indicate DEDUCTIONS)



Grammar/mechanics (2 points per incident, or 10 points if consistent/rampant)

Repetition (2 points per incident, or 10 points if consistent/rampant)

Word choice (2 points per incident, or 10 points if consistent/rampant)

Spelling (2 points per incident, or 10 points if consistent/rampant)

Punctuation (1 point per incident, or 5 points if consistent or rampant)


MLA format:  (according to example provided in the syllabus) first-page header, last-            name pagination (at the header, or half-inch, top margin), double-spacing, 12-point Times New Roman font, one-inch margins, parenthetical page citation (5 points)









Your Last Name 1

Your Name



14 December 2008

Wright’s Uncanny North:  The Great Migration as the New Frontier in Native Son

According to Leslie Fiedler, American literature, of all the fiction of the West, is

“bewilderingly and embarrassingly, a gothic fiction, nonrealistic and negative, sadist and

melodramatic—a literature of darkness and the grotesque in a land of light and affirmation” (29).

He hits upon a nagging consistency—that there is a lot of shame in our literature, a repressed

guilt for past colonial sins, present even while those sins were being committed.  This is

evidenced by Charles Brockden Brown, who is arguably credited for first defining the American

gothic, thus differentiating it from the European gothic, in the introduction to his 1799 novel

Edgar Huntly:

Puerile superstition and exploded manners; Gothic castles and chimeras, are the

materials usually employed for this end.  The incidents of Indian hostility, and the

perils of the western wilderness, are far more suitable; and, for a native of

America to overlook these, would admit of no apology.  (641)

Brown recognizes that this only recently established new nation has a lot on its psyche, with very

real terrors and uncertainties that are only minimally and temporarily soothed by myths of

exceptionalism and destiny—terrors and uncertainties that are, in fact, created, fed, and

perpetuated by such myths.  The persistence of this awareness, however conscious or

unconscious, sees its way through American literature of the nineteenth century—with

Hawthorne’s inescapable Puritan legacy, Poe’s overtones of racist paranoia (especially in “Hop-

Frog” and “The Black Cat”), and Melville’s anti-slavery overtones, plus the brutal realism of

slave narratives—and into the twentieth century, with the profound disenchantments of

Your Last Name 2

modernism providing perhaps an even more shuddering retrospection.

It is in the twentieth century that we get Richard Wright, a late American modernist who

also happens to be an African-American writer.  Like the writers of the slave narratives in the

nineteenth century, Wright’s migration narratives put him in a curious position within American

literature; he is both defined by and rebelling against his white canonical “colleagues.”

Unavoidably influenced by them, he pays begrudging homage while revising and reacting to

their ideas and tropes through various intertextual echoes and inversions.  Likewise, Bigger

Thomas, the troubled protagonist of Wright’s Native Son, possesses a certain fated American-

ness.  Wright himself acknowledges this in “How ‘Bigger’ Was Born” when he explains the

novel’s title; Bigger is “a native son” because he is “an American product” (446).  There is

indeed in the progression of Bigger’s actions something uncanny, that term so virtually

synonymous with the gothic (especially American gothic), defined by Freud as “that class of the

frightening which leads back to what is known of old and long familiar” (930), the recognized

resurfacing of something repressed that arouses dread and horror.  Quintessentially, this

recognition comes in the form of the double, not only as an actual, mirroring being but as a

repetition of events, taking the transgenerational form of a curse.  The repeated images of black

and white which virtually litter Native Son are both dueling and symbiotic, and they provide

doubling to an extent that is both ridiculous and fitting.

The novel is a post-Great Migration narrative of urban segregation on the South Side of

Chicago during the Great Depression.  The myth of racial innocence in the North—one of the

many hopes for better prospects which inspired African-American migrations from the South—

has been long disproven; they were met with a new kind of slavery in urban segregation.

Furthermore, the sense of loss, confusion, and disenchantment felt by the ghettoized migrants

runs parallel—or rather, perpendicular—to that felt by white Americans upon the closing of the

frontier; the mythical North becomes a mere extension of the mythical West, a tragically farcical

Your Last Name 26

Works Cited

Douglass, Frederick.  My Bondage and My Freedom.  New York:  Penguin, 2003.  Print.

Fiedler, Leslie.  Love and Death in the American Novel.  Normal, IL:  Dalkey Archive, 1966.


Freud, Sigmund.  “The Uncanny.”  1919.  The Norton Anthology of Theory and Criticism.

Trans. Alix Strachey.  Ed. William E. Cain, Laurie Finke, Barbara Johnson, Vincent B.

Leitch, John McGowan, and Jeffrey J. Williams.  New York:  Norton, 2001.  929-952.


Smethurst, James.  “Invented by Horror:  The Gothic and African American Literary Ideology in

Native Son.”  African American Review 35.1 (2001):  29-40.  Academic Search Premier.

EBSCOhost.  Auburn University Library.  1 Nov 2008 <>.  Digital.
















  • Thou shalt not write an introduction without a clear thesis statement that explains exactly what you’re addressing in the essay. It should appear clearly in the first paragraph, but should you wish to open with an anecdote of some sort, putting it in the second paragraph is fine provided you get to the point pretty quickly.
  • Thou shalt not have a vague thesis statement. The more particular your thesis, the easier it is for the reader to understand what you’re talking about.
  • Avoid bold, grand, sweeping statements in your introductions. Again, it’s vague—but more importantly, presumptuous and annoying.
  • Thou shalt not write a conclusion that merely repeats the introduction. The conclusion should provide the take-away points of the essay—what you learned and/or what you want the reader to take away from it.  Think of it this way:  What did you learn by moving your thesis through the “exploration” that is the body?
  • Thou shalt not repeat thyself. No matter how good your ideas are, repetition of any kind is distracting and defeats the focus of the essay.  This includes your thesis statement (after a while, doing so just insults the reader’s intelligence) and proper names (use a pronoun once in a while!).
  • Thou shalt not begin thy conclusions with “In conclusion,”.
  • Thou shalt not use the adjective “interesting.” It’s a cop-out word, when you have absolutely nothing to say and demonstrates a clear lack of imagination, depth, and critical thinking on your part.  Want to know how ambiguous “interesting” is?  Go up to a complete stranger on campus and tell them they have an “interesting” face.
  • Thou shalt not “pad” your essay with excess words—repetition, block quotes, excessively long quotes. It’s very transparent and reveals to the instructor and reader a desperate attempt to make the length requirement due to a lack of the proper substance.
  • Thou shalt not use vocabulary beyond what you’re comfortable with. Again, it’s very transparent.  Your thoughtfulness, not your “big” words, will demonstrate your competency.  But if they are words you use and of which you understand the subtlety, by all means go for it.
  • Thou shalt not give a plot summary. Always assume that the reader and instructor are familiar with the basic plot of the text.  The purpose of an essay is not to retell the story.  All citations and references to the plot should be used sparingly and only so far as they will support your ideas concerning the plot.
  • Thou shalt not manipulate the margins and spacing to compensate for length. That’s about as transparently desperate as it gets.
  • Focus and organize! Don’t turn in an unedited brainstorm, always irrefutable evidence of a done-at-the-last-minute essay, which never serves you well in the instructor’s eyes.
  • Thou shalt not narrate thine own essay: “And now I shall discuss…”  Just do it!
  • Thou shalt not stray from MLA format—and Wikipedia, Sparknotes, etc. are forbidden.
  • Thou shalt not plagiarize. The academic hammer of the gods will be your future.
  • Thou shalt not use quoted dictionary definitions. Unless you’re specifically discussing etymology, it’s the epitome of unnecessary.







































from Leslie Marmon Silko’s “Yellow Woman and a Beauty of the Spirit”:  “Yellow Woman is my favorite because she dares to cross traditional boundaries of ordinary behavior during times of crisis in order to save the Pueblo; her power lies in her courage and in her uninhibited sexuality, which the old-time Pueblo stories celebrate again and again because fertility was so highly valued […] One day she travels far [to find fresh water], far to the east, to the plains, and she finally locates a freshwater spring.  But when she reaches the pool, the water is churning violently as if something large had just gotten out of the pool.  Kochininako [Yellow Woman’s name] does not want to see what huge creature had been at the pool, but just as she fills her water jar and turns to hurry away, a strong, sex man in buffalo skin leggings appears by the pool […] Able to transform himself from human to buffalo in the wink of an eye, Buffalo Man gallops away with her on his back.  Kochininako falls in love with Buffalo Man, and because of this liaison, the Buffalo People agree to give their bodies to the hunters to feed the starving Pueblo.  Thus Kochininako’s fearless sensuality results in the salvation of the people of her village, who are saved by the meat the Buffalo people ‘give’ to them” (540).

  • As you may have noticed, I have put certain things in bold type for purposes of emphasis and discussion—so don’t use bold type in the papers you turn in!
  • The bold-typed examples using brackets with ellipses ([…]) are examples of TRUNCATING, or utilizing a quoted passage in such a way that it is not necessary to literally quote all of it. In employing truncation, it is up to you to decide what parts of the essay are redundant or unnecessary for supporting your points and thesis.
  • Also, a typical consequence of truncation is how certain important or clarifying information might get lost. That’s where the bold-typed examples using actual words inside of brackets come in.
  • I’m also pointing out the single- or half-quote marks around the word give (‘give’). Obviously, in the original source, it looks like this:  “give,” with full quote marks.  However, when quoting the passage, you have to use full quote marks to identify the entire quote, so full quotes within full quotes will look strange and confusing.  So turn the full quote marks around the single word, phrase, or piece of dialogue into half-quote marks.
  • And remember that, when citing the page number or numbers for your quote, you simply put the number or numbers within parentheses, like this: (540).  Not (page 540) or (pg. 540), but (540).  And remember to put it AFTER the closing quote mark and BEFORE the period or comma.

There is also something obviously wrong with how I’ve just presented the above quote; even when truncated, it is quite long, and should therefore be BLOCK QUOTED, like this:

Yellow Woman is my favorite because she dares to cross traditional boundaries of ordinary behavior during times of crisis in order to save the Pueblo; her power lies in her courage and in her uninhibited sexuality, which the old-time Pueblo stories celebrate again and again because fertility was so highly valued […] One day she travels far [to find fresh water], far to the east, to the plains, and she finally locates a freshwater spring.  But when she reaches the pool, the water is churning violently as if something large had just gotten out of the pool.  Kochininako [Yellow Woman’s name] does not want to see what huge creature had been at the pool, but just as she fills her water jar and turns to hurry away, a strong, sex man in buffalo skin leggings appears by the pool […] Able to transform himself from human to buffalo in the wink of an eye, Buffalo Man gallops away with her on his back.  Kochininako falls in love with Buffalo Man, and because of this liaison, the Buffalo People agree to give their bodies to the hunters to feed the starving Pueblo.  Thus Kochininako’s fearless sensuality results in the salvation of the people of her village, who are saved by the meat the Buffalo people “give” to them.  (540)


  • To block quote, you tab over twice the amount you do for simply indenting the first line of a paragraph.
  • The indentation eliminates the need for the enclosing full quote marks, so the ‘give’ can become “give” again, with full quote marks surrounding it.
  • The parenthetical page citation comes AFTER the period, with 2 SPACES separating them.
  • The general rule for block-quoting is that the passage must result in AT LEAST 4 LINES when blocked.
  • Another general rule is that the essay writer should be conservative with block quote usage, limiting him/herself to one block quote per 3 pages.
  • Obviously, it is not wise to use a block quote as long as my instructive example in your own essay assignments.

To close, here are some examples of how to properly utilize a cited quote/passage, using the Silko passage from above:

  • In Silko’s presentation of traditional Laguna culture, one can see a clear difference between their attitude towards female sexuality versus the attitude of the so-called more “modern” white American culture. Whereas woman’s sexuality is typically demonized in western, European culture, the “fearless sensuality” of Kochininako’s “uninhibited sexuality” (540) is celebrated and revered; it is, after all, often ultimately responsible for the salvation of the tribe and the community.
  • As Silko explains: “[B]ecause of [Kochininako’s] liaison, the Buffalo people agree to give their bodies to the hunters to feed the starving Pueblo” (540).

English 102 Midterm Essay:  4 Options

Choose ONE of these four options—

OPTION 1 (Character Analysis): 

Assignment:  Choose THREE different characters from three different works—one short story, one poem, and one play—COVERED IN CLASS.  Comparison and contrast should certainly play a part.  Using CITED examples and quotes from the chosen works, analyze the character(s) keeping the following criteria (not necessarily ALL of them) in mind:

  • point of view
  • roundness (vs. flatness)
  • dynamism (vs. stasis—i.e., dynamic vs. static)
  • involvement
  • the limits/biases of their perspective (mental state, physical state, gender, race, etc.)
  • setting (not just place, but time/history)
  • symbolism/representation

Be especially sure to keep in mind how the author goes about bringing such details/revelations about a given character STYLISTICALLY.


OPTION 2 (The Gothic and Its Influence):

What is the typical gothic subject matter?  The dark. The horrible. The grotesque.  The mysterious…

In a nutshell, the persistence, threat, and resurfacing of PAST sins—that is, how they are hidden (“buried”) and perpetuated in the present (which often fools itself into thinking the influence of those past sins is dead, gone, and can no longer touch them).

How does this tend to manifest itself?  Perversion, insanity, murder, sadism (persecution, torture), grotesquerie.

Keep in mind that gothic works have proven to be strongly and arguably universally influential in literature and others arts; works that might be considered less obviously gothic or not gothic at all often still utilize the tropes (thematic and stylistic patterns) of the Gothic.

Assignment:  Compare the style and approach of how THREE different works COVERED IN CLASS that could be considered Gothic.  Make sure that ONE of the works could arguably be a less obvious example than the other

OPTION 3 (Imagery): 

Refamiliarize yourself with CONNOTATION and IMAGERY (see pages 421-422, 431, 433, and 446).

Assignment:  Discuss, via comparison and contrast, how WORD CHOICE and IMAGERY contribute to the common thematic goal of THREE different works—one short story, one poem, and one play—COVERED IN CLASS.


OPTION 4 (Archetypes):

Refamiliarize yourself with what an ARCHETYPE is; read it on pages 542-543 and 557 of your anthology.

Assignment:  Consider an archetype discussed in class or argue for the existence of a particular new, undiscussed one of your naming.  Discuss how THREE different works COVERED IN CLASS approach a similar archetype differently.


Length:  3 to 5 pages, MLA style


This is what individual anthology entries on your Works Cited page (completely separate page, with MLA-style pagination at top right) should look like:  (the formula, then examples)

Last Name of Author, First and (if any) Middle Name of Author.  Title of Work within

            the Anthology (in quotation marks if a short story or a poem, underlined or

            italicized if a play).  The Full Name of the Anthology (underlined or italicized)

            followed by the edition.  Translator (Trans., only if the original work was not

            written in English; first name first; if more than one, alphabetical by last name). 

            Editor (Ed., first name first; if more than one, alphabetical by last name).  City

            of Publication:  Publishing Company, Latest Copyright Date.  Pages that the

            work occupies within the anthology (numbers only).  Medium (“Print” or “Digital”).

(Notice how the entries are listed alphabetically according to the author’s last name, and how they are reverse indented; that is, indented the opposite of how you indent a paragraph, with only the first line NOT indented.)


Works Cited

Sophocles.  Oedipus the KingBackpack Literature:  An Introduction to Fiction,

Poetry, Drama, and Writing 5thed.  Trans. Dudley Fitts and Robert Fitzgerald.  Ed.

Dana Gioia and X.J. Kennedy.  Boston:  Pearson, 2016.  690-732.  Print.





English 102 Final Essay:

It is the same as the Midterm Essay assignment, but you may only choose from the works COVERED IN CLASS after the Midterm Exam, and you cannot choose the same option chosen for your Midterm Essay.



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Posted by on March 19, 2018 in academic writing, Academic Writing



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