Leadership Studies

13 Mar

Leadership Studies:

  • Trait Perspective – characteristics of effective leaders
    • Intelligence
    • Enthusiasm
    • Domiancne
    • Self Confidence
    • Social Participation
    • Egalitarianism


Functional Perspective:

  • Examines leadership as behaviors performed by a group member that may help maximize group effectiveness


Task Leadership

  • Initiating
  • Coordinating
  • Summarizing
  • Elaborating

Process Leadership

  • Releasing tension
  • Gatekeeping
  • Encouraging
  • Mediating


Situational Perspective

– adapting style to context


Leadership Styles

  • Authoritarian
    • Leader makes all policy decision
  • Democratic
    • Try to involve members in decisions
    • Laissez-Faire
    • Complete freedom for the group
    • Policies are a matter of group discussion


These leaders “strive to change, elevate, and unify the goals of followers as well as inspire them to pursue challenging and shared objectives.”

  • Four defining characteristics
    • Idealized leadership – seeks to create an inspiring vision of how things can be
    • Inspirational motivation – ability to stir followers to action
    • Intellectual stimulation – ability to engage followers in challenging the status quo and assumptions about processes
    • Individual consideration – ability to be supportive and to nurture each individual’s positive attributes, qualities, and strengths in support of greater good


Transformational Leadership:

  • Change organization by aligning culture with new vision
  • Building shared vision
  • Surfacing & testing mental models
  • Systems thinking


Emergent Leadership in Small Groups

  • Minnesota Studies (Ernest Bormann) – Who is most likely to emerge as the perceived leader of a leaderless discussion group?
    • Leaders emerge through a method of residues (Group members are rejected for role of leader until only one remains)
    • First eliminated – quit ones who do not actively participate
  • Task motivated group members
    • Rejected a contender too concerned about feelings to be decisive
  • Process oriented
    • Reject those they saw that are too concerned


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Posted by on March 13, 2018 in academic writing, Academic Writing



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