Module 5 Overview 2 of 2)
Research Methods: Qualitative Approach
Creswell’s (2009) chapter provides a brief summary of qualitative research design. His book (2007), Qualitative inquiry and research design: Choosing among five approaches, discusses the five approaches (narrative research, phenomenology, grounded theory, ethnography, and case study) more in detail. While there are similarities among the five approaches, in terms of the general process of research, there are differences in several areas, such as the type of data one would collect or analyze. For example, in narrative research, the researcher focuses on the stories told from the individuals and arranges the stories in chronological order. In ethnography, the focus is on setting the individuals’ stories within the context of their culture and culture-sharing group. In case study research, a single case is selected to illustrate an issue and the researcher compiles a detailed description for the case.
Listed below are some examples of qualitative studies.
Angrosino, M. V. (1994). On the bus with Vonnie Lee: Explorations in life history and metaphor. Journal of Contemporary Ethnography, 23, 14–28.
Anderson, E. H., & Spencer, M. H. (2002). Cognitive representations of AIDS. Qualitative Health Research, 12 , 1338– 352.
Morrow, S. L., & Smith, M. L. (1995). Constructions of survival and copying by women who have survived childhood sexual abuse. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 42, 24–33.
Haenfler, R. (2004). Rethinking subcultural resistance: Core values of the straight edge movement. Journal of Contemporary Ethnography, 33, 403–436.
Asmussen, K. J., & Creswell, J. W., (1995). Campus response to a student gunman. Journal of Higher Education, 66, 575–591.