24 Oct

Q1. I know the assignment is on analysis and presentation of data. Could Ferguson et al. (2006) have used diary
method of observation for the study? Just my thoughts. In terms of data analysis, content analysis is one of the
methods used to analyze data, especially those generated from emotional reactions of the sample population.
Hsieh & Shannon (2005;3) observe that one of the advantages of the technique is “gaining direct information
from study participants without imposing preconceived categories or theoretical perspectives” on them. They
identified a major challenge of using the technique as the inability to develop a complete understanding of the
context, thus failing to understand the different categories. On their part, Jackson & Trochim (2002) discourage
the use of content analysis for three reasons (a) that it relies on research-driven classification schemes (a) that it
allows interdependence between coders and (c) it offers a weak reliability and validity assessments”. In terms of
alternative, I suggest Concept Mapping used to analyze and represent meaning in qualitative data obtained from
open-ended survey responses. The appeal of the technique according to Jackson & Trochim is that it can help
the researcher to obtain “rich description of the respondent’s reality” at relatively low cost compared to focus
group discussions. On the presentation of data, textual data can be presented using pie charts,bar graph,
histogram, frequency polygon and cumulative frequency polygon once it has been coded and organised into a
frequency table. In effect, the suggested alternatives for the presentation of the data generated by Ferguson et al.
(2011) in your presentation are frequency polygon and cumulative frequency polygon. What have you identified
as the major limitations of the alternative data analysis and presentation techniques you suggested in your post?
References Hsieh, H., & Shannon, S. E. (2005) Three Approaches to Qualitative Content Analysis, Qualitative
Health Research, Vol. 15, No. 9, November 2005, pp. 1277-1288. Available at: (Accessed: 20/10/17). Jackson, K. M., & Trochim, W. M. K. (2002) Concept
Mapping as An Alternative Approach for the Analysis of Open-Ended Survey Responses, Organisational
Research Methods Vol. 5, No. 4, October 2002, pp. 307-336. Available at: (Accessed: 20/10/17).
Q2. Data analysis is indeed essential because it sheds light on relevant issues in a research. It also helps the
researcher to understand the results from surveys and other data collection methods, as well as provides
information on data gaps (Statistics Canada, 2017). There are some terms associated with your chosen methods
of data analysis and presentation. These include coding, mean and median. How will you apply or incorporate
them in your study?
Reference Statistics Canada (2017) Data Analysis and Presentation. Available at: (Accessed: 21/10/17).
Q3. To my understanding the data collection method that was used in your selected article, although it did not
come out, is the qualitative methods. In support to that Atieno (2009) alludes that qualitative methods are highly
appropriate for questions where preemptive reduction of the data will prevent discovery. The author
hypothetically argues that the data collection method suites the purpose of the research to learn from the
participants in a setting or a process the way they experience it, the meanings they put on it, and how they
interpret what they experience.
Reference Atieno, O. P. (2009). An Analysis of the Strengths and Limitation of Qualitative and Quantitative
Research Paradigms. Problems of education 21st century. 13(1) pp. 13-18.
Q4. The tile of “Women in Management – implementation of Leadership Techniques and Styles to Parenthood
” has clearly been well researched and presented.
Do you think that you could enhance your ethical
This forms a very important aspect of the research and has to be very carefully thought about
and designed well (Easterby-Smith et al, 2012).
The most important aspect of research is the question of the research and how the research will be conducted.

A – How is the data collected, stored and presented to display the results in a user-friendly manner without the
possibility of misinterpretation. How is the data collection answering the specific research questions?
B – What is the research trying to relay to the reader. What is the end goal in this research project?

C – Why has this topic been chosen for research and why will the study be useful for future researchers. Why is
it important that the data analysis and presentation plan is precise and efficient?

I think you have everything covered very well.I would suggest you to use online based questionnaire because it
allow for convenience of respondents, (Wright, 2006), as the respondents can answer at their own
at their own schedules
(Wright, 2006).
Also, as this requires no interview, some respondents can be more open to disclosing personal
information when they don’t have to speak to another person, (Wright,
2006). Taking into consideration that
you refer to an expectation that the data returned, in its raw form, will not convey much real understanding, ,
through which medium to plan to receive this feedback ?
Are you intending utilising ‘Web-based
questionnaire’, and if so, will it be the only form or will you provide an opportunity for the participant to request
a paper-based version of the questionnaire by filling out a form (Van den Berg, et al., 2011).
Do you agree that
there is a need for precise analysis techniques to assist “the researcher to explore, present, describe and examine
relationships and trends within the research data” in consideration of the bias argued to be with web-based
questionnaires, (Saunders & Thornhill, 2009:414)?
There are also challenges with online questionnaire such as,
the non-interviewer and limited sample and respondent availability, (, 2017).
Taking into
consideration that in some cases not having a trained person to assist the respondent in clarifying or probing
further can make the data less reliable, (, 2017), what do you intend doing to mitigate this
I am very much looking forward to your responses.
Easterby-Smith, M., Thorpe, R., & Jackson, P. (2012) Management Research. (4th ed.) London: SAGE
Publications. (Accessed: 21/10/17). (2017). 10 Advantages of Online Surveys | SmartSurvey. [online] Available at: surveys (Accessed: 22/10/17).

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Posted by on October 24, 2017 in Academic Writing


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