Course: World History A 2016 (2)
Unit: 5. INTENSIFIED HEMISPHERIC INTERACTIONS, A.D. 1000-1500
Assignment: 16. Project: Planning for a Crisis
Planning for a Crisis
Before You Begin
During the fourteenth century, the Black Death and climate changes had an enormous impact on the European economy, government, and population. How do you think the governments would react today in a similar outbreak? What should the governments have done then to help their citizens?
Simply, many of us rely on our governments to protect us in times of emergencies more than we realize. During a time of natural or human-made disaster, or a period of civil unrest, many citizens have come to expect the government to shield them from trouble. When governments fail to safeguard their populations, some of the people will question and criticize the lack of provisions. As a result, they will demand that new agencies be created and funded in order to avoid future problems. Many governments enact plans and fund agencies to protect their people in times of unrest. Today, you will begin a project that asks you to investigate some of those agencies in our own government, and how they have provided aid during either a recent or historical crisis.
You will conduct research to identify how government crisis agencies intervened and provided aid during a specific emergency. Examples of these government agencies may include the CDC, emergency alert system, the Center for Infectious Disease, the National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Diseases, or The National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases. You may choose to research a historical crisis or a more recent event, such as Hurricane Katrina.
In order to make sure your research is from valid sites, study at least five government (.gov), non-profit organization (.org), research (.net) and/or military(.mil) Web sites. Other places to check would be your local health office, the local police crisis intervention teams, and your nearest library or fire station. Keep a list of all the sources you have found. Take detailed notes on each of the agencies. Select the most significant and relevant facts, extended definitions, and/or concrete details.
As you conduct your research, you will need to be able to determine whether each is a primary source or a secondary source. You should incorporate at least one example of each in your research.
- Primary sources are first-hand accounts of an event–original sources of information that were created at the time an event occurred. Primary sources may include diaries, letters, treaties, speeches, song lyrics, poems, photographs, recordings, and newspaper articles.
- Secondary sources contain the analysis and evaluation of a collection of information; secondary sources use a variety of information to draw a conclusion about a historical event. Secondary sources are often written by people who have studied primary sources and wish to share their conclusions. Examples of secondary sources include books, journal articles, and models based on evidence collected.
For this project, you are writing a formal essay, educating fellow students on two government crisis agencies that have assisted during a time of emergency. The essay must be at least five hundred words in length.
- The first paragraph should introduce the importance of having a prepared crisis response plan, and the specific crisis event you will be discussing.
- The two body paragraphs must inform your audience of the history of the government agencies that intervened in the specific crisis you are writing about, and how exactly they provided support and aid to people. Cite specific textual evidence from your sources that will support the development of these paragraphs.
- The conclusion paragraph needs to address a claim or counterclaim for the future funding of governmental aid agencies. Include any discrepancies you may have encountered in your research.
You may create your own graphics to display, or you can refer to those you found in your research.
Finally, you must edit your paper and prepare to publish your findings. If you want others to read your paper, you must first be willing to reread and change information that is not clearly stated. The following checklist may help you as you edit and clarify your writing:
- Go back and add detailed and precise language in each paragraph.
- For this type of mini-research project, you will need to use transitions to help you link the main paragraphs with one another and the conclusion. Effective transitions will create cohesion and clarify the relationships among the ideas that you have included. Make sure you have used several transitions.
- Check for varied sentences. If all your sentences are simple, try using a complex or compound sentence.
- Ask a friend or classmate to read your paper and point to sections that may need to be rewritten for clarity.
- Reread the expectations for your project. Did you include all the information? Does your introduction and conclusion meet the requirement of this assignment?
Write a formal essay educating fellow students on two government crisis agencies that have assisted during a time of emergency.
Click here to view the rubric for this project.
After reviewing your final draft, please upload the essay, making sure to include your sources (at least one primary and one secondary) and any graphics you may have found.