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LING 1100 — Fall 2017 Homework 2

23 Oct

LING 1100 — Fall 2017 Homework 2 Due October 24th, 2017
Personal Name: Student Number:
Family Name: Are you in the Bridge Program?:
Personal Name: Student Number:
Family Name: Are you in the Bridge Program?:
• You may work on this homework assignment in pairs. Print both names on the
frst page.
• To complete Homework 2 you need to carefully read Chapters 2 and 3 of the
textbook and the lecture notes presented in class.
• Homework 2 is more challenging than Homework 1. Please set aside enough time
to complete it.
• Answer the questions in the spaces provided.
• Homework assignments should be printed on standard white letter-sized paper.
Homework assignments must be stapled. Homework assignments that do not
meet these basic formatting requirements may not be accepted.
• Homework assignments are to be handed in during the frst 10 minutes of lecture.
Late homework assignments will be subject to .05 points/day penalty.
• If you are unable to submit a homework assignment in lecture on the day it is due,
you may leave it in my mailbox at the Department of Linguistics (SN 3050B) at
any time before class. Do not slide your homework assignment under my personal
ofce door.
• Electronically-submitted homework assignments will not be graded.
• Students are expected to work on homework assignments independently or in
pairs. Offering and accepting solutions from others is an act of plagiarism, which
is a serious offence and all involved parties will be penalized according to the university’s General Academic Regulations (Undergraduate). Discussion amongst
students is encouraged, but when in doubt, direct your questions to me.

Please copy the honour pledge below and sign:
I (we) pledge on my (our) honour that I (we) have not given or received any
unauthorized assistance on this assignment.
Signature(s): Date:

 

Page: 2 3 4 5 Total
Points: 13 8 16 23 60
Score:

Name:
Student Number: Homework 2 cont… October 24th, 2017
1. (9 points) In the space provided on the right write all Canadian English phonemes
that meet the description on the left. The frst question is done for you as an
example.
a) high back vowel
/ʊ, u/
b) front lax vowel
c) voiced paleto-alveolar consonant
d) velar stop
e) interdental consonant
f) voiceless fricative
g) glottal consonant
h) voiced labial consonant
i) nasal fricative
j) round tense monophthong
2. (4 points) Complete the following table of Canadian English phoneme analogies.
You will fnd this easier if you think about the articulatory description or feature
specifcation of each sound. The frst question is done for you as an example.
a)
/t/ is to /s/ as /d/ is to /z/
b) /ŋ/ is to /m/ as /k/ is to
c)
/i/ is to /ɪɹ/ as is to /ɔɹ/
d)
/i/ is to /j/ as is to /w/
e)
/θ/ is to /ð/ as /f/ is to
3. (2 points (bonus)) Transcribe your personal and family name(s) using broad transcription. If you are completing this assignment as a pair, transcribe both your
names.
Page 2 of 5

Name:
Student Number: Homework 2 cont… October 24th, 2017
4. (8 points) Each of the following groups of words is an example of some common
sound change at work. In the space provided write the name of the sound change.
The relevant sounds are underlined.
a) Persian

(/x/ is a voiceless velar fricative)
Old Form New Form Meaning
/suxra/
/va
fra/
/a
sru/
/na
mra/
/surx/
/ba
rf/
/a
rs/
/na
rm/
‘red’
‘snow, ice’
‘tear’
‘soft’

metathesis
a) Latin

Underlying Form Surface Form Meaning
/ūvula+al/
/alveolus+
al/
/velum+
al/
/labia+
al/
/dēns+
al/
/lāmina+
al/
/apex+
al/
/ūvular/
/alveol
ar/
/vel
ar/
/labi
al/
/dēnt
al/
/lāmin
al/
/apic
al/
‘little grape+adj.’
‘tray, trough +adj.’
‘veil, sail + adj.’
‘lip+adj.’
‘tooth+adj.’
‘thin plank+adj.’
‘point, tip+adj.’

c) Lebanese Arabic

(ɣ is a voiced velar fricative)
Underlying Form Surface Form Meaning
/ʔism/
/ʔibn/
/ʃiɣl/
[ʔisim]
[ʔib
in]
[ʃiɣ
il]
‘name’
‘son’
‘work’

d) Italian

(which developed from Latin)
Latin Italian Meaning
ktɔ/
/le:
ktu:s/
/su:
btu:s/
ttɔ/
/le
ttɔ/
/sɔ
ttɔ/
‘eight’
‘son’
‘work’

e) Canadian English

Underlying Form Surface Form Gloss
/læst najt/
/æs
k kejti/
/dɛs
k dʒɑb/
[læs nʌjt̚]
[æs kejɾi]
[dɛs dʒɑb]
‘last night’
‘ask Katie’
‘desk job’

Page 3 of 5
Name:
Student Number: Homework 2 cont… October 24th, 2017
5. (12 points) Transcribe the following set of words for Canadian English. Use narrow transcription. Include
only primary stress, syllable boundaries, Canadian
Raising, intervocalic flapping, aspiration, syllabic consonants, and light and dark
/l/.
Do not include word-fnal aspiration or consonants with no audible release.
Use # to represent word boundaries. Follow the guidelines for syllabifcation as
presented in the lecture. These guidelines may contradict your own intuitions.
The two transcriptions have been completed for you as an example.
a) Snapchat
[ˈsnæp.tʃæt] h) Twitter [ˈtʰwɪ.ɾɹ ̩]
b) Buzzfeed i) Facebook
c) Tinder j) podcasts
d) Google k) Apple
e) Instagram l) swipe right
f) Candy Crush m) Android
g) Playstation n) Amazon Kindle
6. (4 points) Italian has the following fricative phonemes:
/f, v, s, z, ʃ/, and the following affricates:/t͡s, d͡z, t͡ʃ, d͡ʒ/. Given this inventory, are the features [±Strident]
and [
±Anterior] useful for grouping these particular sounds into natural classes?
Why or why not?
Page 4 of 5

Name:
Student Number: Homework 2 cont… October 24th, 2017
7. (5 points) Professional jewel thief Selina Kyle wants to infltrate the jewel safe at
Wayne Manor to steal a very expensive diamond. She knows that the jewel safe
is locked using an electronic voice-recognition system that can only be opened if
Bruce Wayne says a specifc password. Selina knows there are only 40 phonemes
in English. Her plan is to meet Bruce Wayne at a fancy ball and engage him in
conversation while she is wearing a hidden microphone. Once she captures all 40
phonemes on tape she can use a computer program to re-create many different
words (hopefully one will be the password). What has Selina failed to understand
about language? What recommendations would you make to Selina in order to
improve her plan?
8. (18 points) Using the syllabifcation procedures outlined in the lecture notes draw
the syllable structures for each of the following words:
a) Hindi
b) recent
c) praying
d) dinosaurs
e) depth
f) explanation
Draw your syllable structures on the back of this page.
Page 5 of 5

 
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Posted by on October 23, 2017 in Academic Writing

 

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