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Question

19 Mar

QUESTION 1

 

 

According to Chapter 2 (Ritzer & Dean, 2014), which of the following arguments are put forward by globalization skeptics:

 

 

  • Most people around the world, if not direclty involved in globalization, are nonetheless enmeshed in the series of relationships or process that make-up globalization

 

 

  • Globalization is a broad process rather than multiple processes (e.g. economic, political etc.)

 

 

  • Significant portions of the world’s population are outside of and even activelyy excluded from the processes generally associated with globalization

 

 

  • Globalization is growing every more powerful and pervasive

 

QUESTION 2

 

According to arguments presented in Chapter 2 (Ritzer & Dean, 2014), the nation-state has been supplanted by globalization as evidenced by:

 

 

  • Global flows

 

 

  • International treaties

 

 

  • Social media

 

 

  • The internet

 

QUESTION 3

 

According to Chapter 2 (Ritzer & Dean, 2014), arguments regarding the origins or impetus for globalization today have included which of the following:

 

 

  • That it is hardwired into humans who have moved around the globe in search of a better life that can be traced to a previous Ice Age

 

 

  • That it reflects a longterm cyclical process of expansion and contraction in trade, political relations, travel, information flows etc.

 

 

  • That it reflects the start of a new epoch or phase of globalization in human history which may be traced to the turn of the twenty-first century

 

 

  • All of the above

 

QUESTION 4

 

According to Chapter 2 (Ritzer & Dean, 2014) which of the following specific events that may represent the historical origin of globalization is MISTATED below:

 

 

  • trade in the Middle Ages throughout the Mediterannean

 

 

  • the travels of European traders like Marco Polo along the Silk Road to China in the twelfth-century

 

 

  • the rise and spread of Christianity in the centuries after the fall of the Roman Empire

 

 

  • the travels of the Vikings from Europe to Iceland, Greenland, and briefly to North America, in the ninth through eleventh century

 

QUESTION 5

 

According to Chapter 2 (Ritzer & Dean, 2014) more recent events that have helped spur globalization include a wide range of technological advances, economic pressures, and political events.  Which of these, listed below, is MISMATCHED with the year it occured?

 

 

  • 2014 – mobile cellular phone subscriptions reached roughly 7 billion

 

 

  • 2009 – Great Recession

 

 

  • 1988 – the founding of the modern internet

 

 

  • 1969 – the transmission via satellite of a picture of the earth as seen from space

 

QUESTION 6

 

According to Chapter 2 (Ritzer & Dean, 2014) America’s global reach following the emergence of the United States as the dominant super-power in the aftermath of WWII, is evidenced in which of the following:

 

 

  • Hollywood’s influence

 

 

  • US diplomatic relations

 

 

  • US media

 

 

  • All of the above

 

QUESTION 7

 

According to Chapter 2 (Ritzer & Dean, 2014), which of the following is a concrete expression of the materialist rationale for globalilzation:

 

 

  • Multinational Corporations

 

 

  • Movies with a global message (e.g. An Inconvenient Truth)

 

 

  • The spread of ideas via the internet

 

 

  • All of the above

 

 

 

QUESTION 8

 

According to Chapter 2 (Ritzer & Dean, 2014), James Ferguson’s argument that globalization ‘hops’ rather than flows, is best supported by what empirical evidence:

 

 

  • Our contemporary world is characterized by population migration from North to South

 

 

  • Our contemporary world is characterized by information flows

 

 

  • Our contemporary world is characterized by great income inequality

 

 

  • Our contemporary world is characterized by the rapid spread of technological advances

 

QUESTION 9

 

According to Chapter 2 (Ritzer & Dean, 2014), globalization from above may be described as those processes created and controlled by which of the following:

 

 

  • Marginalized groups

 

 

  • Social movements

 

 

  • Grassroots activists

 

 

  • Wealthy elites

 

QUESTION 10

 

According to Chapter 2 (Ritzer & Dean, 2014), the anti-globalization movement is primarily concerned with which of the following:

 

 

  • Global justice

 

 

  • Dismantling globalization

 

 

  • Opposing global organizations such as the World Social Forum

 

 

  • All of the above

 

QUESTION 11

 

According to Chapter 2 (Ritzer & Dean, 2014), which of the following may be defined as, “an emphasis on the negative aspects of globalization, especially for the less well-off parts of the globe”:

 

 

  • Globaphilia

 

 

  • Transnationalism

 

 

  • Globalization from above

 

 

  • Globaphobia

 

QUESTION 12

 

According to Chapter 2 (Ritzer & Dean, 2014), economic successes have been lauded by proponents of globalization for which of the following reasons:

 

 

  • Because they argue that economic gains have been evenly distributed globally

 

 

  • Because they argue that there have been few if any economic ‘losers’ only win-wins

 

 

  • Because they argue that most if not all will eventually benefit from economic advances

 

 

  • All of the above

 

QUESTION 13

 

According to Chapter 5 (Ritzer & Dean, 2014), which of the following is described as: “the integration of sub-groups that define themselves as a nation with the organizational structures of a state”

 

 

  • National identity

 

 

  • Nation-state

 

 

  • Nationalism

 

 

  • Nation

 

QUESTION 14

 

According to Chapter 5 (Ritzer & Dean, 2014), the argument for universal human rights, or the “entitlement of individuals to life, security, and well-being,” implies which of the following:

 

 

  • That a nation-state is sovereign but subject to scrutiny by the international community in the event of human rights abuses

 

 

 

  • That a nation-state is not sovereign in the event of human rights abuses but subject to scrutiny and intervention by the international community in order to uphold those rights

 

 

  • That human rights are exclusively the concern of each nation-state except in the event of abuses across national borders (e.g. human trafficing)

 

 

  • All of the above

 

QUESTION 15

 

According to Chapter 5 (Ritzer & Dean, 2014), which of the following represents a threat to the nation-state:

 

 

  • Global flows and processes

 

 

  • International human rights

 

 

  • Transnational discourse communities

 

 

  • All of the above

 

QUESTION 16

 

According to Chapter 5 (Ritzer & Dean, 2014), transnational discourse communities (TDC) are characterized by which of the following:

 

 

  • Nation-states serving as dominant source of information within TDCs

 

 

  • Increased interconnectedness between the local and the global

 

 

  • Nation-states controlling information flows within and between TDCs

 

 

  • All of the above

 

QUESTION 17

 

Which of the following most accurately captures Anderson’s arguments in Chapter 5 (Ritzer & Dean, 2014) regarding the attributes of imagined communities:

 

 

  • They are ‘imagined’ because people today are more connected virtually than physically

 

 

  • They are ‘imagined’ because national borders are artificial (e.g. lines drawn on a map) not natural boundaries

 

 

  • They are ‘imagined’ because nation-states are not, in fact, sovereign

 

 

  • They are ‘imagined’ because of a conceived camaraderie between citizens when inequalities and exploitation within nation-states are more likely to exist

 

QUESTION 18

 

According to Chapter 5 (Ritzer & Dean, 2014), the dawn of the nation-state was spurred by “print capitalism” or the emergence of which of the following:

 

 

  • The modern novel

 

 

  • The modern newspaper

 

 

  • The mass sale and distribution of modern novels and newspapers

 

 

  • All of the above

 

QUESTION 19

 

According to Chapter 5 (Ritzer & Dean, 2014), the premier global organization in the realm of politics today is which of the following:

 

 

  • The League of Nations

 

 

  • The United Nations

 

 

  • The Organization of American States

 

 

  • Association of Southeast Asian Nations

 

QUESTION 20

 

According to Chapter 5 (Ritzer & Dean, 2014), the growth in demand for more global governance is attributable to which of the following factors:

 

 

  • The declining power of the nation-state

 

 

  • The vast flows of information, goods, services, and people etc. across national borders

 

 

  • The existence of global problems that single-states cannot address by themselves (e.g. global financial crises)

 

 

  • All of the above

 

QUESTION 21

 

According to Chapter 6 (Ritzer & Dean, 2014), the origins of the nation-state can be traced to which of the following:

 

 

  • The rise of Christianity in Europe

 

 

  • The rise of the mercantile classes in Europe

 

 

  • A series of treatise known as the Peace of Westphalia

 

 

  • The rise of dominant states based on military power

 

QUESTION 22

 

According to Chapter 6 (Ritzer & Dean, 2014), problems associated with global economic development in any epoch include which of the following:

 

 

  • Not all parts of the world gain equally from the growth of the global economy

 

 

  • Poor nations may be subjugated to the operations of the global economy

 

 

  • Not just countries but certain social classes and industries may be negatively impacted by growth and/or competition within the global economy

 

 

  • All of the above

 

QUESTION 23

 

According to Chapter 6 (Ritzer & Dean, 2014), the 1947 General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT):

 

 

  • Was a system for the liberalization of trade following Bretton Woods

 

 

  • Focused mainly on multinational trade in services

 

 

  • Operated as an independent organization until it was superseded by the World Trade Organization in 1992

 

 

  • All of the above

 

QUESTION 24

 

According to Chapter 6 (Ritzer & Dean, 2014), which of the following organizations was created to establish, stabilize and oversee currency exchange rates:

 

 

  • The International Monetary Fund

 

 

  • The World Trade Organization

 

 

  • The International Monetary Fund

 

 

  • The World Bank

 

QUESTION 25

 

According to Chapter 6 (Ritzer & Dean, 2014), so-called structural adjustments imposed by the International Monetary Fund (IMF) on developing countries as pre-conditions for the granting of loans typically involved which of the following:

 

 

  • Stringent monetary policies that stipulated increased government spending on infrastructure (e.g. building new roads and hospitals) and social services to (e.g. providing healthcare)

 

 

  • Tailored economic stipulations that sought to address the specific socio-economic challenges of each developing country applying for a loan

 

 

  • Demands for currency devaluation, reduced government spending, and deregulation of interest rates, among others

 

 

  • All of the above

 

QUESTION 26

 

According to Chapter 6 (Ritzer & Dean, 2014), what were key considerations behind the creation of the Bretton Woods system?

 

 

  • The Great Depression in the US was attributed in part to a lack of economic cooperation among nation-states

 

 

  • Protectionist practices, such as high import tariffs and international trade restrictions, were determined to have a detrimental effect on national economies

 

 

  • Exchange rates were not yet fixed and thus the value of a nation’s currency could be manipulated by its government – a practice that was determined to have a detrimental effect on other nations’ economies

 

 

  • All of the above

 

QUESTION 27

 

According to Chapter 6 (Ritzer & Dean, 2014), which of the following accurately describes the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD):

 

 

  • Established in 1948, It is the predecessor of the Organization for European Economic Cooperation

 

 

  • It is closely aligned with those groups and individuals that support liberal (i.e. left-wing) world views

 

 

  • It promotes global flows and the integration of countries into the global economy

 

 

  • All of the above

 

QUESTION 28

 

According to Chapter 6 (Ritzer & Dean, 2014), the European Steel and Coal Community comprised all the following countries EXCEPT:

 

 

  • France

 

 

  • Germany

 

 

  • Italy

 

 

  • Britian

 

QUESTION 29

 

According to Chapter 6 (Ritzer & Dean, 2014), which of the following factors contributed to the demise of the Bretton Woods system in the early 1970s:

 

 

  • The US economy, and by extension the dollar, had grown in importance relative to other nations

 

 

  • President Nixon took the US off the gold standard resulting in a devaluation of the dollar and the end of the standard by which other nations’ currencies operated

 

 

  • At the time, national economies became focal points for governments at the expense of international financial concerns or institutions

 

 

  • All of the above

 

QUESTION 30

 

According to Chapter 6 (Ritzer & Dean, 2014), the Euro Zone refers to which of the following:

 

 

  • All the countries within Europe

 

 

  • All the countries that have adopted the Euro as their currency

 

 

  • All the countries that trade with Europe

 

 

  • All of the above

 

 

QUESTION 31

 

According to Chapter 6 (Ritzer & Dean, 2014), which of the following arguments have been used to support the idea that economic globalization is, in fact, a myth:

 

 

  • Today’s highly internationalized economy is unprecedented

 

 

  • Most companies continue to be based in nations in terms of assets, production facilities and sales

 

 

  • There is no massive shift of investment and employment from developing to advanced countries

 

 

  • All of the above

 

 

QUESTION 32

 

According to Chapter 2 (Ritzer & Dean, 2014), ____________________________ refers to new communities and formation of new social identities and/or relations that cannot be defined as nation-states.

 

 

QUESTION 33

 

According to Chapter 2 (Ritzer & Dean, 2014), the idea that people can accord social processes a reality of their own and come to feel that even though they as people within a society created, and in fact are in many ways those processes, there is nothing they can do about them, is termed _____________________ .

 

 

QUESTION 34

 

According to Chapter 2 (Ritzer & Dean, 2014), the ___________________________ Phase of globalization begins with the expansion of trade across the Atlantic Ocean and into the Americas.

 

 

QUESTION 35

 

According to Chapter 5 (Ritzer & Dean, 2014), out of a concern for human rights on a global scale following the Holocaust and other twentieth-century atrocities, the UN General Assembly approved a _______________________ _______________________ of ______________________________ _________________ on December 10, 1948.

 

 

 

QUESTION 36

 

According to Chapter 5 (Ritzer & Dean, 2014), the so-called informal economy is made-up of trade networks that operate outside of legally regulated spheres.  These are described as ____________________ _____________________ or places where formal analyses and policy effectively cease.

 

 

QUESTION 37

 

According to Chapter 5 (Ritzer & Dean, 2014), Hegel defined ______________  _____________________ as, “that which exists between the family and the state; a realm that is not only separated from them, but one where an individual can participate directly in various social institutions”

 

 

QUESTION 38

 

According to Chapter 5 (Ritzer & Dean, 2014), _________________  ______-____________________  ____________________ are private, voluntary, nonprofit organizations which are typically oriented to bringing about some sort of social and/or political change.

 

 

QUESTION 39

 

According to Chapter 6 (Ritzer & Dean, 2014), the turning inward of a nation-state in order to become as economically self-sufficient as possible is termed ____________________.

 

 

QUESTION 40

 

According to Chapter 6 (Ritzer & Dean, 2014), the acronym for a range of operating or performance measures that host-country governments impose on foreign firms to keep them from having a distorting effect on trade in goods and services is _________________ .

 

 

QUESTION 41

 

According to Chapter 6 (Ritzer & Dean, 2014), neither a governmental or state-based organization,the ___________________ of __________________ was founded as a nonprofit in 1978 with the goal to exam economic and financial issues relevant to policy makers and practitioners in an era of globalization.

 

 

QUESTION 42

 

The articles of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights includes the provision that everyone has the right to freely move and reside anywhere within the borders of a State.

 

  • True
  • False

 

QUESTION 43

 

Trade-Related Aspects of International Property Rights (TRIPS) was negotiated through the World Trade Organization during the Tokyo Round of negotiations that took place in 1979.

 

  • True
  • False

 

QUESTION 44

 

The International Bank for Reconstruction and Development is more commonly referred to as the World Bank.

 

  • True
  • False

 

 

 
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Posted by on March 19, 2017 in academic writing, Academic Writing

 

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