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Persuasive Speech Analysis

11 Mar

COM 6504 – Persuasion
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P a g e
Persuasive Speech Analysis
WHAT IS RHETORICAL CRITICISM?
1. Rhetorical criticism can be said to be the study of speeches since it required the critic to
determine the effect of the rhetoric on the immediate audience.
2. However, it is also the study of speakers because the sheer number of topics to cover relating to
the rhetor and the speech make dealing with more than a single speaker impossible.
HOW IS RHETORICAL CRITICISM ACCOMPLISHED?
The neo-Aristotelian approach to rhetorical criticism involves three major tasks:
I Reconstruction of the context in which the rhetorical act occurred.
A First, the critic discovers information about the rhetor.
1 This is not necessarily a biography of the individual.
2 Rather it seeks to discover links between the rhetor’s history, experience, and character and
that person’s rhetorical efforts.
3 The critic, for example, my want to seek information about early environmental influences
on the rhetor’s attitudes, motivation, and communication skills.
B Second, the critic turns to and examination of the occasion.
1 The critic attempts to determine what elements in the occasion influenced the rhetor in
choice of subject and approach.
2 The critic also seeks to determine what historical antecedents gave rise to and followed the
rhetorical occasion.
C Third, the critic completes the analysis of the context by examination of the audience.
1 Knowing about the audience helps the critic understand why the rhetor selected particular
strategies.
2 The same forces that helped to shape the occasion help to shape the audience and the
attitudes held by the audience.
II
Analyzing the artifact itself.
A Invention: the location and creation of ideas and materials for the speech. Invention is based
on two major forms of proof:
1 Inartistic proof: are those the rhetor uses from other sources but does not create, including
the testimony of witnesses or document such as letters or contracts.
2 Artistic proof: are those created by the rhetor and fall into three categories:
a Logos — logical arguments
i Inductive reasoning
ii Deductive reasoning
b Ethos — the appeal of the rhetor’s character
i Referred to today as credibility.
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ii Credibility is displayed largely through three qualities:
¨ Moral character or integrity
¨ Intelligence as demonstrated by common sense, good taste, and familiarity with
current topics.
¨ Good will or the establishment of rapport with the audience.
c Pathos — emotional appeals
B
Organization: the structure or arrangement of the speech.
1 What organizational patterns are used?
2 What parts of the presentation are emphasized?
3 Those placed at the beginning or end.
4 Those on which the rhetor spends the most time.
C
Style: language of the speech.
1 This focuses on the type of language used by the rhetor to create varying effects.
2 Was the effect common and ordinary, forceful and robust, or stately and ornate.
D
Memory: mastery of the subject matter.
1 Rarely focused on today since memory is not as significant a factor.
2 Generally, it deals with the rhetor’s control of the materials and methods of improving
memory.
E
Delivery: management of the voice and gestures in the presentation of the speech.
1 Is it delivered impromptu
2 Is it extemporaneous
3 From memory
4 Read from a script.
5 The critic also examines the bodily action of the rhetor.
6 Finally, the rhetor considers the vocal quality of the rhetor.
III
Assessing the impact of the artifact on the audience considering the various options available to
the rhetor.
A Was the rhetor’s goal accomplished?
B What were the immediate and long-term effects of the speech?
WHAT TO PUT IN THE CONTENT OF THE ESSAY?
The APA style manual should be followed when writing the manuscript. Your paper should be
approximately 10-15 pages and consist of the following:
Title page
Introduction
Description of the artifact and research question (speech, persuasive message, etc.)
Description of the critical method
Report of the findings of your critical analysis
o Interpretation of the findings
o Evaluation of the artifact
COM 6504 – Persuasion
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o Contribution of the study to rhetorical theory
Conclusion
Reference List
Appendix
o Copy of the speech
o Video of speech is available
If you would like to read a sample rhetorical criticisms using the Aristotelian method check out the
following article: Thomas, G. (1953). Aaron Burr’s farewell address.
Quarterly Journal of Speech, 39, pp.
273-82. (The link is below)
http://web.a.ebscohost.com/ehost/pdfviewer/pdfviewer?vid=5&sid=c9ae3bc4-d9e3-4965-a810-
4053b7886989%40sessionmgr4007&hid=4201

 
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Posted by on March 11, 2017 in Academic Writing

 

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