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Battling Climatic Change with Greener Buildings

 

 

 

 

Battling Climatic Change with Greener Buildings

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Abstract

Emission of greenhouse gases has been causing inequalities of the weather patterns in the world. These gases also expose humans’ to direct UV rays from the sun. But how can these emissions be prevented from mass accumulation to the atmosphere? The research involves an understanding of the greenhouse gas emissions, their source and how they can be avoided or reduced. The research will scope on how the green buildings are set to reduce the emissions as well as their aid to their owners. It will suggest the strategies that engineers, architects and contractors should incorporate to renovate the existing buildings to meet the green standards and also how the future buildings should be structured to be compatible with the changing weather changes.  A conclusion will then recommend on the areas that need to be critically reviewed in order to achieve the objectives of environmental conservation.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  1. Introduction

A Green building refers to both a structure and the application of processes that are environmentally responsible and resource efficient throughout a buildings life cycle [9]. The process begins right from the designing, constructing, operating, maintaining, renovating and deconstructing of the structures with an aim of catering for the environment and its climate. When all these aspects are critically executed with an environmental construction mentality, then the climatic change will be well taken care of, ensuring that people lead a natural quality life provided by the environment. This research will scope on how both engineering and non-engineering activities can be properly incorporated for the benefit of the environment as well as its climatic patterns.

  1. Background

In order to take care of the climate, it is important to understand the activities that lead to its problem. Once the source is identified, it can then be modified and the problem will drastically come to an end.  In so doing, the degraded environmental pattern will gradually recover to its natural way. The effects that the environment has suffered have been directed towards the greenhouse gas emissions. In the United States, the Green Building Council (USGBC) leadership in Energy Environmental Design (LEED) rating system is the body that caters for the Green building system, where they reflected their dynamics towards building systems in transportation, waste, water and construction Materials [8]. After the identification of these aspects, it becomes easy to streamline the areas where each is contributing to the problem and be able to mitigate it accordingly.

  1. Greenhouse effect

A greenhouse gas is the one that emits and absorbs radiant energy within the thermal infrared range and this process is called the greenhouse effect. The major greenhouse gases that dominate the earth’s atmosphere include Carbon Dioxide, Ozone, and water vapor and Methane gas. These gases help to regulate the global temperature to an average of 15 degrees compared to -18 degrees if they do not exist [5]. Carbon Dioxide is, however, the gas emitted in huge masses resulting from human activities that involve combustion of fossil fuels, natural gas, coal, and oil. Its massive accumulation into the atmosphere is also due to deforestation leading to a shortage of trees which help in absorbing it. Statistics reveal that an increase in the concentration of the greenhouse gases, carbon dioxide to be precise, began to increase with a 40% pace at around 1750 due to human activities of the industrial revolution [3]. This practice has caused a drastic change of the environmental patterns, exposing it to effects such as global warming.

  1. Green buildings

Basing the statistics in the United States, Buildings have been found to contribute 39% of the total carbon dioxide emitted in one year [6]. In fact, United States is the second in emittingCO2 after China which holds the tip. The CO2 emitted in this case results from combustion of fuels that provide heating, cooling and lighting, and from electric appliances. Residential buildings are estimated to use more than 70% of the total electricity in the United States. Innovation of existing buildings as well as the changing the mode of building future constructions will help to conserve the environment. The industries sector was pointed to have contributed a percentage of 29% while transport lies at 33% in emission of greenhouse gases [9]. From this data given, it is now clear as to why there is a need come up with green buildings to conserve the environment. Below is an example of a Green building.

  • Effectiveness of Green Buildings

A scientific problem should be also solved scientifically. Construction of green buildings is dabbed as one of the most effective strategies to reduce climatic change since they reduce the carbon dioxide emissions. A certified green building uses 32% less electricity and saves 350 metric tons of carbon emissions annually [2]. The method is of two-way benefit because while it is reducing the carbon emissions; it reduces the electric costs as well. The construction of green buildings requires cooperation of the contractor, the architects and the engineers without leaving the client involvement [12]. The achievement of these classy green buildings will contribute to the economy, utility, durability and comfort of the client. The graphic below displays some indefinable impacts of Green Buildings.

 

  1. Energy saving appliances

The green buildings have an abundant role in saving energy while mitigating CO2 emissions. The engineers who draft designs for buildings should consider the following aspects while trying to mitigate the CO2 emissions. First, they should they should look for complementary means of the existing appliances in houses. In heating, for instance, they should install the most efficient heating, ventilation, and air conditioning systems so as to ensure high performance along with the role of the system in mitigating carbon emissions [7]. Second is optimization of day lighting and alternating it with the use of state of the art lighting. When designed in this way, they will be assured of reduced CO2 emitted to the environment.

  1. Renewable sources

Renewable sources of energy are set to emit more gas to the atmosphere compared to the non-renewable sources. Energy sources such as charcoal and coal are non-renewable sources. Charcoal, in particular, contains a lot of carbon in it. On top of that, they emit a lot of the subject gas to the atmosphere when being used to provide energy. If renewable sources such as hydropower, biomass, and solar energy are replaced with the renewable sources, no emissions will occur to the environment hence saving it [7]. Instead of using Charcoal to heat water, the constructor was supposed to enlighten their client on a complimentary energy saving method such as the use of solar panels. This is another method that engineers use to impact the environment accordingly.

  1. Supplementary construction materials

The material foregone for construction determines both the durability and suitability of a building. A floor of a house for instance helps keep warmth as opposed to other material such as clay and plastic that absorb heat from the surrounding, leaving the floor and the room very cold. Solid wood products can act quite was as flooring the building. In cases where occupants are allergic to dust or other particles, the wood tiles will come to their rescue. An American asthma and allergic foundation recommended for the use of hardwood, vinyl, and slate flooring instead of carpet [9]. Hardwood products can also improve in quality air by absorbing and releasing moisture in the air to moderate humidity [11].

  1. Water conservation

A sustainable building should enhance protection of water quality, and reduce overall water consumption rates. Green buildings should increase dependency of the water that is collected, used, purified, and reused on site. This will be accomplishes by designing a dual plumbing that recycles water in toilet flushing, or by using the water for washing cars. Water wastage can be minimized by installing fixtures such as flush toilets and low flow shower heads. A bidet for instance can help in reducing the use of tissue papers, hence having a clear flow of sewage, reducing the water usage. Gutters should also be efficiently installed to collect rainwater, and this will help in minimizing the cost of pipe water. When engineers take this factor into consideration, water loss will be minimized hence achieving an environmental friendly green building.

  1. Green plants

Despite of building structures that are environmental friendly, green plants should also be included around a building. These may include trees, flowers and such plants in the compound. These plants will benefit the environment through absorption of carbon dioxide gas that is harmful to the Ozone. Also, green plants provide a cool environment through shades and providing for breezes in a construction. The architect who is responsible for designing the structures and their compounds should take into consideration. More green should be included in the surrounding for environmental purposes as well as aesthetic.

  1. Non-toxic substances

During new constructions such as homes, schools, offices etc., the engineers should choose substances that are non-toxic, both to the clients and to the environments. Such are like the wall painting. Some paints contain chemicals that will continue emitting radiations to the air. These radiations have scientifically been proved to contain dangerous chemical which affects human eyes and respiratory systems. Generally, they create a discomfort due their choking smell. Supplementary non-toxic products which are environmental friendly along with other Green elements will ensure for human and environmental protection.

  1. Efficient lighting

Lighting consumes a lot of power since it used at night when people resume to their homes. Some bulbs are set to consume a lot of power while in use. However, this problem can be reduced right at beginning of the construction through installation of energy efficient bulbs. Fluorescent bulbs for instance use 20% less energy compared to normal bulbs. Built houses or institutions should be advised to replace their bulbs with the Fluorescent bulbs which are not only energy saving but also reduce the effect on the climate in emission of the Greenhouse gases [4]. It is the responsibility of the engineers and contractors to ensure that this goal is met through enlightening their clients accordingly. This will also help to save the costs as well.

  1. Contribution of green buildings to the society

Green buildings not only help in reduction of greenhouse emissions but they also save money and create jobs. The green buildings are perfect for business as well as for use as areas of residence. The green buildings on average saves 20% of the overall construction costs and this may yield $170 per foot over a conventional building [11]. A fact is that for these buildings are constructed to save energy; cost will be saved as well. A recent research found out that an investment plan of $150 billion per year of energy efficiency in the U.S would result to a saving plan of $200 billion a year and this money can be used to employ more people in a case of a business. In renting these green buildings, the rates will be high in accordance with the standards they are made of. This is a clear demonstration of the profit that a green building can yield.

  1. Conclusion

Integration of the plans to come up with Green buildings has really come to the rescue of both the climate and to the local people affected. A well-composed engineer is required to design the best green building for the purposes of saving costs of the owners and for the environment as well. Greenhouse gas emissions have been found to be hazardous to the climate, something that will affect the people. It is therefore important for both the engineers and the state heads around the world to be keen when making decisions regarding the Green buildings. Owners of the projects should also up here to the revolutions that the world is making with a common goal of ensuring a sustainable environment and money saving plans as well.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

References

[1]Z. Alwan and B. Gledson, “Towards green building performance evaluation using asset information modelling”, Built Environment Project and Asset Management, vol. 5, no. 3, pp. 290-303, 2015.

[2]C. Booth, F. Hammond, J. Lamond and Proverbs, Solutions for climate change challenges of the built environment. Chichester, West Sussex: Wiley-Blackwell, 2012.

[3]T. Chaudhary and A. Piracha, “Effective contribution of structural engineers to green buildings and sustainability”, Canadian Journal of Civil Engineering, vol. 40, no. 1, pp. 97-100, 2013.

[4]M. Deuble and R. de Dear, “Green occupants for green buildings: The missing link?”, Building and Environment, vol. 56, pp. 21-27, 2012.

[5]J. Fleming, “The Climate Engineers”, Archive.wilsonquarterly.com, 2007. [Online]. Available: http://archive.wilsonquarterly.com/essays/climate-engineers.

[6]N. Kabisch, H. Korn, J. Stadler and A. Bonn, Nature-Based Solutions to Climate Change Adaptation in Urban Areas. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2017.

[7]D. Kolokotsa, M. Santamouris and S. Zerefos, “Green and cool roofs’ urban heat island mitigation potential in European climates for office buildings under free floating conditions”, Solar Energy, vol. 95, pp. 118-130, 2013.

[8]J. Howe, “Overview of Green Buildings”, National Wetlands Newsletter, vol. 33, no. 1, pp. 3-14, 2010.

 

[9]X. Qin, Y. Mo and L. Jing, “Risk perceptions of the life-cycle of green buildings in China”, Journal of Cleaner Production, vol. 126, pp. 148-158, 2016.

[10]A. Sayigh, Sustainability, energy and architecture, 1st ed. Oxford, UK: Academic Press, 2013, p. 552.

[11]B. Lin, A. Su, Y. Lin and C. Yu, “Impact of climatic conditions on the thermal effectiveness of an extensive green roof”, Building and Environment, vol. 67, pp. 26-33, 2013.

[12]”Green Building |US EPA”, Archive.epa.gov, 2016. [Online]. Available: https://archive.epa.gov/greenbuilding/web/html/.

 

 

 
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Posted by on April 14, 2018 in academic writing, Academic Writing

 

Tags:

Battling climatic change with Greener buildings

 

 

 

 

Battling climatic change with Greener buildings.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Abstract

Emission of greenhouse gases has been causing inequalities of the weather patterns in the world. These gases also expose humans’ to direct UV rays from the sun. But how can these emissions be prevented from mass accumulation to the atmosphere? The research involves an understanding of the greenhouse gas emissions, their source and how they can be avoided or reduced. The research will scope on how the green buildings are set to reduce the emissions as well as their aid to their owners. It will suggest the strategies that engineers, architects and contractors should incorporate to renovate the existing buildings to meet the green standards and also how the future buildings should be structured to be compatible with the changing weather changes.  A conclusion will then recommend on the areas that need to be critically reviewed in order to achieve the objectives of environmental conservation.

  1. Introduction

A Green building refers to both a structure and the application of processes that are environmentally responsible and resource efficient throughout a buildings life cycle [9]. The process begins right from the designing, constructing, operating, maintaining, renovating and deconstructing of the structures with an aim of catering for the environment and its climate. When all these aspects are critically executed with an environmental construction mentality, then the climatic change will be well taken care of, ensuring that people lead a natural quality life provided by the environment. This research will scope on how both engineering and non-engineering activities can be properly incorporated for the benefit of the environment as well as its climatic patterns.

 

  1. Background

In order to take care of the climate, it is important to understand the activities that lead to its problem. Once the source is identified, it can then be modified and the problem will drastically come to an end.  In so doing, the degraded environmental pattern will gradually recover to its natural way. The effects that the environment has suffered have been directed towards the greenhouse gas emissions. In the United States, the Green Building Council (USGBC) leadership in Energy Environmental Design (LEED) rating system is the body that caters for the Green building system, where they reflected their dynamics towards building systems in transportation, waste, water and construction Materials [8]. After the identification of these aspects, it becomes easy to streamline the areas where each is contributing to the problem and be able to mitigate it accordingly.

 

 

  1. Greenhouse effect

A greenhouse gas is the one that emits and absorbs radiant energy within the thermal infrared range and this process is called the greenhouse effect. The major greenhouse gases that dominate the earth’s atmosphere include Carbon Dioxide, Ozone, and water vapor and Methane gas. These gases help to regulate the global temperature to an average of 15 degrees compared to -18 degrees if they do not exist [5]. Carbon Dioxide is, however, the gas emitted in huge masses resulting from human activities that involve combustion of fossil fuels, natural gas, coal, and oil. Its massive accumulation into the atmosphere is also due to deforestation leading to a shortage of trees which help in absorbing it. Statistics reveal that an increase in the concentration of the greenhouse gases, carbon dioxide to be precise, began to increase with a 40% pace at around 1750 due to human activities of the industrial revolution [3]. This practice has caused a drastic change of the environmental patterns, exposing it to effects such as global warming.

 

Green buildings

Basing the statistics in the United States, Buildings have been found to contribute 39% of the total carbon dioxide emitted in one year [6]. In fact, United States is the second in emittingCO2 after China which holds the tip. The CO2 emitted in this case results from combustion of fuels that provide heating, cooling and lighting, and from electric appliances. Residential buildings are estimated to use more than 70% of the total electricity in the United States. Innovation of existing buildings as well as the changing the mode of building future constructions will help to conserve the environment. The industries sector was pointed to have contributed a percentage of 29% while transport lies at 33% in emission of greenhouse gases [9]. From this data given, it is now clear as to why there is a need come up with green buildings to conserve the environment. Below is an example of a Green building.

 

  1. Effectiveness of Green Buildings

A scientific problem should be also solved scientifically. Construction of green buildings is dabbed as one of the most effective strategies to reduce climatic change since they reduce the carbon dioxide emissions. A certified green building uses 32% less electricity and saves 350 metric tons of carbon emissions annually [2]. The method is of two-way benefit because while it is reducing the carbon emissions; it reduces the electric costs as well. The construction of green buildings requires cooperation of the contractor, the architects and the engineers without leaving the client involvement [12]. The achievement of these classy green buildings will contribute to the economy, utility, durability and comfort of the client [13]. The graphic below displays some indefiable impacts of Green Buildings.

  1. Energy saving appliances

The green buildings have an abundant role in saving energy while mitigating CO2 emissions. The engineers who draft designs for buildings should consider the following aspects while trying to mitigate the CO2 emissions. First, they should they should look for complementary means of the existing appliances in houses. In heating, for instance, they should install the most efficient heating, ventilation, and air conditioning systems so as to ensure high performance along with the role of the system in mitigating carbon emissions [7]. Second is optimization of daylighting and alternating it with the use of state of the art lighting. When designed in this way, they will be assured of reduced CO2 emitted to the environment.

  1. Renewable sources

Renewable sources of energy are set to emit more gas to the atmosphere compared to the non-renewable sources. Energy sources such as charcoal and coal are non-renewable sources. Charcoal, in particular, contains a lot of carbon in it. On top of that, they emit a lot of the subject gas to the atmosphere when being used to provide energy. If renewable sources such as hydropower, biomass, and solar energy are replaced with the renewable sources, no emissions will occur to the environment hence saving it [7]. Instead of using Charcoal to heat water, the constructor was supposed to enlighten their client on a complimentary energy saving method such as the use of solar panels. This is another method that engineers use to impact the environment accordingly.

  1. Supplementary construction materials

The material foregone for construction determines both the durability and suitability of a building. A floor of a house for instance helps keep warmth as opposed to other material such as clay and plastic that absorb heat from the surrounding, leaving the floor and the room very cold. Solid wood products can act quite was as flooring the building. In cases where occupants are allergic to dust or other particles, the wood tiles will come to their rescue. An American asthma and allergic foundation recommended for the use of hardwood, vinyl, and slate flooring instead of carpet [9]. Hardwood products can also improve in quality air by absorbing and releasing moisture in the air to moderate humidity [11].

 

 

  1. Water conservation

A sustainable building should enhance protection of water quality, and reduce overall water consumption rates. Green buildings should increase dependency of the water that is collected, used, purified, and reused on site. This will be accomplishes by designing a dual plumbing that recycles water in toilet flushing, or by using the water for washing cars. Water wastage can be minimized by installing fixtures such as flush toilets and low flow shower heads. A bidet for instance can help in reducing the use of tissue papers, hence having a clear flow of sewage, reducing the water usage. Gutters should also be efficiently installed to collect rainwater, and this will help in minimizing the cost of pipe water. When engineers take this factor into consideration, water loss will be minimized hence achieving an environmental friendly green building.

  1. Green plants

Despite of building structures that are environmental friendly, green plants should also be included around a building. These may include trees, flowers and such plants in the compound. These plants will benefit the environment through absorption of carbon dioxide gas that is harmful to the Ozone. Also, green plants provide a cool environment through shades and providing for breezes in a construction. The architect who is responsible for designing the structures and their compounds should take into consideration. More green should be included in the surrounding for environmental purposes as well as aesthetic.

 

  1. Non-toxic substances

During new constructions such as homes, schools, offices etc., the engineers should choose substances that are non-toxic, both to the clients and to the environments. Such are like the wall painting. Some paints contain chemicals that will continue emitting radiations to the air. These radiations have scientifically been proved to contain dangerous chemical which affects human eyes and respiratory systems. Generally, they create a discomfort due their choking smell. Supplementary non-toxic products which are environmental friendly along with other Green elements will ensure for human and environmental protection.

  1. Efficient lighting

Lighting consumes a lot of power since it used at night when people resume to their homes. Some bulbs are set to consume a lot of power while in use. However, this problem can be reduced right at beginning of the construction through installation of energy efficient bulbs. Fluorescent bulbs for instance use 20% less energy compared to normal bulbs. Built houses or institutions should be advised to replace their bulbs with the Fluorescent bulbs which are not only energy saving but also reduce the effect on the climate in emission of the Greenhouse gases [4]. It is the responsibility of the engineers and contractors to ensure that this goal is met through enlightening their clients accordingly. This will also help to save the costs as well.

II   Contribution of green buildings to the society

Green buildings not only help in reduction of greenhouse emissions but they also save money and create jobs. The green buildings are perfect for business as well as for use as areas of residence. The green buildings on average saves 20% of the overall construction costs and this may yield $170 per foot over a conventional building [11]. A fact is that for these buildings are constructed to save energy; cost will be saved as well. A recent research found out that an investment plan of $150 billion per year of energy efficiency in the U.S would result to a saving plan of $200 billion a year and this money can be used to employ more people in a case of a business. In renting these green buildings, the rates will be high in accordance with the standards they are made of. This is a clear demonstration of the profit that a green building can yield.

 

  • Conclusion

Integration of the plans to come up with Green buildings has really come to the rescue of both the climate and to the local people affected. A well-composed engineer is required to design the best green building for the purposes of saving costs of the owners and for the environment as well. Greenhouse gas emissions have been found to be hazardous to the climate, something that will affect the people. It is therefore important for both the engineers and the state heads around the world to be keen when making decisions regarding the Green buildings. Owners of the projects should also up here to the revolutions that the world is making with a common goal of ensuring a sustainable environment and money saving plans as well.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

References

  1. G. The harmful effects of greenhouse gases on Earth (2014). Retrieved from

https://www.quora.com/What-are-the-harmful-effects-of-green-house-gases-on-Earth\

 

  1. Couth, A, & Trois, C. (2010). Carbon emissions reduction strategies in Africa from improved waste management: A review. Waste management, 30(11), 2336-2346.
  2. https://www.epa.gov/ghgemissions/global-greenhouse-gas-emissions-data
  3. kusaya CDM Project, 2011, kusayacdm.co.za
  4. Lehmann, J. Bio‐energy in the black. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment, (2007). 5(7), 381-387.

 

  1. “NASA GISS: Science Briefs: Greenhouse Gases: Refining the Role of Carbon Dioxide”. http://www.giss.nasa.gov. Retrieved 2016-04-26

 

  1. National Center for Healthy Housing, “The Advent of a Green Community” retrieved from

http://www.nchh.org/linkClick.aspx?fileticket=fMvyBzNTHhc%3d&tabid=363

  1. Howe, j. overview of green buildings. National Wetlands Newsletter (2010).
  2. Asthma and Allergy foundation of America Home Remodelling. Achieved from the original on 2011-04-22
  3. S Green building council. The Business case for green building (2007).. Retrieved from    www.usgbc.org/Displsypage.aspc?CMSPageID=2331\
  4. Naturally: wood Building Green with Wood Module 6 Health and Wellbeing. 2011
  5. epa.gov/greenbuilding/pubs/about.htm

 

 

 
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Posted by on April 13, 2018 in Academic Writing

 

ACC30008: Accounting Theory

1
SP 1, 2018
ACC30008: Accounting Theory
Assessment 2: Assignment
Word limit: 2000 (+/- 10%)
Weighting: 30%
Due date: 9am AEDT Monday 1 May 2018
Assessment overview
The assignment is based on the Harvard Business School case study provided to you
[i.e., Eccles, R.G., Serafeim, G., Andrews, P, (2013).
Mandatory Environmental, Social,
and Governance Disclosure in the European Union
, 9-111-120, Harvard Business
School: Boston]
Pages 12-14 of the case study explains five hypothetical scenarios that were
discussed in the 5
th workshop organised by the European Commission (EC). The
objective of exploring these five scenarios was to determine how the 2003 Accounts
Modernisation Directive should be amended. The 2003 Accounts Modernisation
Directive which went into effect in 2005 read as:
To the extent necessary for an understanding of the company’s development,
performance or position, the analysis [in the annual review] shall include both
financial and, where appropriate, non-financial key performance indicators
relevant to the particular business, including information relating to environmental
and employee matters.
Assessment details
a) Explain why the 2003 Accounts Modernisation Directive should be amended?
Your answer should be informed by scholarly academic research on corporate
social responsibility, sustainability and integrated reporting. You are required to
draw on at least two theories explaining voluntary corporate reporting when
forming your answer. (Word limit: 800 words)
b) Out of the 5 scenarios discussed in the 5th Workshop, which one do you think is
the most suitable option? When arriving at your conclusion, discuss the pros and

2
cons of each of the 5 scenarios. Your discussion should go beyond the pros and
cons highlighted in the case and draw on relevant theories you have learned in
this unit of study. You should demonstrate that you have conducted sufficient
research using both academic and non-academic sources to build insightful
arguments. (Word limit: 1200 words)
Additional guidance
In this research assignment you will be providing your personal view based on
research evidence, theory and original thought.
In your assignment, you are expected to draw on:
relevant accounting theories
scholarly articles from academic journals
reports issued by professional accounting bodies, accounting firms (particularly,
the Big 4), regulatory bodies, the IIRC and other transnational organisations
media reports on sustainability and integrated reporting
Sustainability and Integrated reporting are covered in Chapter 9 of the textbook. The
theoretical knowledge necessary to complete this research assignment is not
confined to one or few topics but spread across many topics in this unit. The
theoretical knowledge provided in Chapter 8 of your textbook is particularly relevant
to this assignment. However, theories explained in Chapters 7 and 10 can be drawn
upon to inform your arguments where appropriate as well.
The class on “research skills and assignment workshop” is designed specifically
around this assessment. You would benefit more from this class if you had already
started your assignment and made sufficient progress in relation to each of the four
questions prior to attending this class. This is because you will have a better
understanding of the assignment and thus be able to clarify your doubts in this class.
The assignment should take the form of a report and include an executive summary.
The entire assignment should not exceed 2000 words (+/- 10 %). There is no need to
provide a table of contents and an executive summary. The word count includes
footnotes, endnotes and appendices. A reference list should be provided but is not
incldued in the word count.
Do not reproduce the assignment questions in your submission.
To avoid plagiarism, you are required to provide a reference whenever you include
information from other sources in your work. Further details regarding plagiarism are
available in Section C of the unit outline and will be discussed in class.

3
Referencing convention required for this unit is the Swinburne Harvard System.
Helpful information on referencing using the Swinburne Harvard System can be
found at:
http://www.swinburne.edu.au/lib/studyhelp/harvard_style.html
Prior to submission of your assignment make sure your work is properly edited and
proofread. Please use spelling and grammar checkers. You would like to obtain
assistance from the Language and Academic Skills (LAS) Centre to improve your
assignment and your writing skills. If you intend to obtain assistance from LAS then
you should contact them as soon as possible. This can be done even before you have
started working on your assignment. The following weblink will provide more
information about LAS and how to contact them:
http://www.swinburne.edu.au/student/study-help/las.html
You may also benefit from using Writer’s Diet (http://writersdiet.com/?page_id=4) – a
free online tool that help you improve the quality of your written work.
Submission details
This assessment need to be submitted through the Blackboard assessment
submission system (via Turnitin). A hardcopy of the assignment should also be
submitted to KAPLAN through a specially assigned drop box or personally handing
in.
Online submission: An electronic version of the assignment should be submitted via
Turnitin no later than AEDT 9.00am on 1
st May, 2018. Do not attach an assignment
submission coversheet or reproduce the assignment questions in your submission.
Hard copy submission: A printed version of the assignment should be placed in the
especially assigned assignment drop box or handed in at the KAPLAN reception. A
duly filled Assessment Cover Sheet must be submitted with the printed version. The
standard Assessment Cover Sheet is available from the “Current Students” website.
Assessment criteria
Your work will be assessed using the following marking rubric.
4

Criteria Does not meet requirements Meets requirements Exceeds requirements Score
Pass (50-59%) Credit (60-69%) Distinction (70-79%) High Distinction (80-100%)
Written
communication
(20%)
Did not meet criterion
The written project exhibits
multiple errors in grammar,
sentence structure, and/or
spelling; inadequate writing
skills (e.g., weaknesses in
language facility and
mechanics) hinder readability
and contribute to an
ineffective research project
Writing is unengaging, and
reader finds it difficult to
maintain interest; tone is not
consistently professional or
suitable for an academic
research project
Acceptable standard of presentation with
clear communication.
Written research project displays good word
choice, language conventions, and
mechanics with a few minor errors in
spelling, grammar, sentence structure,
and/or punctuation; errors do not represent
a major distraction or obscure meaning
Writing is usually engaging and keeps the
reader’s attention; tone is generally
professional and appropriate for an
academic research project
Good standard of
presentation, including editing,
grammar, punctuation, and
structure. Clear
communication of ideas.
Readability of the project is
enhanced by facility in
language use/word choice,
good mechanics, and syntactic
variety; uses language
conventions well (e.g.,
spelling, punctuation,
sentence structure,
paragraphing, grammar, etc.)
Writing is somewhat
compelling and mostly
sustains interest throughout;
tone is mostly professional
and appropriate for an
academic research project
High standard of presentation,
including editing, grammar,
punctuation, and structure.
Excellent communication of
ideas.
Readability of the project is
enhanced by facility in
language use/word choice,
excellent mechanics, and
syntactic variety; uses
language conventions
effectively (e.g., spelling,
punctuation, sentence
structure, paragraphing,
grammar, etc.)
Writing is mostly compelling
and generally sustains interest
throughout; tone is
consistently professional and
appropriate for an academic
research project
Excellent standard of
presentation, including editing,
grammar, punctuation and
structure. Outstanding
communication of ideas.
Readability of the project is
enhanced by facility in
language use/word choice,
excellent mechanics, and
syntactic variety; uses
language conventions
effectively (e.g., spelling,
punctuation, sentence
structure, paragraphing,
grammar, etc.)
Writing is compelling and
sustains interest throughout;
tone is consistently
professional and appropriate
for an academic research
project
Referencing
(10%)
Did not meet criterion. External sources are acknowledged but
incorrectly referenced.
Harvard system of referencing
has been used however closer
adherence to the demands of
the Harvard style guide is
required.
External sources are generally
referenced correctly using the
Harvard style but there are
minor errors in formatting or
the use of punctuation.
All external sources are
referenced correctly using the
Harvard referencing style.
Extent of
Research (10%)
Most of the references are
from sources that are not
peer-reviewed or professional,
and have uncertain reliability;
few if any appropriate citations
are provided; reader doubts
Academically legitimate references are
generally used but only a minimal number
of them; clear and fair citations are
presented in most cases; most of the
information/content/evidence comes from
sources that are reliable.
Presents good evidence from
academically legitimate
sources; attribution is clear
and accurate; references are
primarily peer-reviewed
journals or other approved
Presents compelling evidence
from academically legitimate
sources but more evidence
can be provided; attribution is
clear and accurate; references
are primarily peer-reviewed
Presents extremely compelling
evidence from academically
legitimate sources; attribution
is clear and accurate;
references are primarily high
quality and extent peer

5

the validity of much of the
material
sources. Several relevant
citations have been omitted.
journals or other approved
sources. Most relevant
citations are used.
reviewed journals or other
approved sources.
Question 1
(30%)
Research problem, concept,
or idea is not clearly
articulated, or its component
elements are not identified or
described; research
information is poorly
organized, categorized, and/or
superficially examined;
research information is often
inaccurate or incomplete;
presents little if any analysis
or interpretation; inaccurately
and/or inappropriately applies
research methods,
techniques, models,
frameworks, and/or theories to
the analysis; presents few
solutions or conclusions;
solutions or conclusions are
often not well supported,
inaccurate, and/or
inconsistent, and are
presented in a vague or
rudimentary manner
Adequately identifies and describes (or
sketches out) the research problem,
concept, or idea and its components;
gathers and examines information relating
to the research problem, concept, or idea;
satisfactorily presents and appraises
research information with only minor
inconsistencies, irrelevancies, or omissions;
generally applies appropriate research
methods, techniques, models, frameworks,
and/or theories with a few minor
inaccuracies; outlines solutions or
conclusions that are logical and consistent
with the analysis and evidence; identifies
and/or lists solutions or conclusions in a
clear manner
Effectively formulates a clear
description of the research
problem, concept, or idea, and
specifies major elements to be
examined; selects and
prioritizes information
appropriate to addressing the
research problem, concept, or
idea; accurately and
appropriately analyzes and
interprets relevant research
information; precisely and
effectively applies appropriate
research methods, techniques,
models, frameworks, and/or
theories in developing and
justifying multiple solutions or
conclusions; solutions or
conclusions are insightful,
coherent, well supported,
logically consistent, and
complete
Effectively formulates a clear
description of the research
problem, concept, or idea, and
specifies major elements to be
examined; selects and
prioritizes information
appropriate to addressing the
research problem, concept, or
idea; accurately and
appropriately analyzes and
interprets relevant research
information; precisely and
effectively applies appropriate
research methods, techniques,
models, frameworks, and/or
theories in developing and
justifying multiple solutions or
conclusions; solutions or
conclusions are insightful,
coherent, well supported,
logically consistent, and
complete
Effectively formulates a clear
description of the research
problem, concept, or idea, and
specifies major elements to be
examined; selects and
prioritizes information
appropriate to addressing the
research problem, concept, or
idea; accurately and
appropriately analyzes and
interprets relevant research
information; precisely and
effectively applies appropriate
research methods, techniques,
models, frameworks, and/or
theories in developing and
justifying multiple solutions or
conclusions; solutions or
conclusions are insightful,
coherent, well supported,
logically consistent, and
complete
Question 2
(30%)
Research problem, concept,
or idea is not clearly
articulated, or its component
elements are not identified or
described; research
information is poorly
organized, categorized, and/or
superficially examined;
research information is often
inaccurate or incomplete;
presents little if any analysis
or interpretation; inaccurately
Adequately identifies and describes (or
sketches out) the research problem,
concept, or idea and its components;
gathers and examines information relating
to the research problem, concept, or idea;
satisfactorily presents and appraises
research information with only minor
inconsistencies, irrelevancies, or omissions;
generally applies appropriate research
methods, techniques, models, frameworks,
and/or theories with a few minor
inaccuracies; outlines solutions or
Effectively formulates a clear
description of the research
problem, concept, or idea, and
specifies major elements to be
examined; selects and
prioritizes information
appropriate to addressing the
research problem, concept, or
idea; accurately and
appropriately analyzes and
interprets relevant research
information; precisely and
Effectively formulates a clear
description of the research
problem, concept, or idea, and
specifies major elements to be
examined; selects and
prioritizes information
appropriate to addressing the
research problem, concept, or
idea; accurately and
appropriately analyzes and
interprets relevant research
information; precisely and
Effectively formulates a clear
description of the research
problem, concept, or idea, and
specifies major elements to be
examined; selects and
prioritizes information
appropriate to addressing the
research problem, concept, or
idea; accurately and
appropriately analyzes and
interprets relevant research
information; precisely and

6

and/or inappropriately applies
research methods,
techniques, models,
frameworks, and/or theories to
the analysis; presents few
solutions or conclusions;
solutions or conclusions are
often not well supported,
inaccurate, and/or
inconsistent, and are
presented in a vague or
rudimentary manner.
conclusions that are logical and consistent
with the analysis and evidence; identifies
and/or lists solutions or conclusions in a
clear manner
effectively applies appropriate
research methods, techniques,
models, frameworks, and/or
theories in developing and
justifying multiple solutions or
conclusions; solutions or
conclusions are insightful,
coherent, well supported,
logically consistent, and
complete.
effectively applies appropriate
research methods, techniques,
models, frameworks, and/or
theories in developing and
justifying multiple solutions or
conclusions; solutions or
conclusions are insightful,
coherent, well supported,
logically consistent, and
complete.
effectively applies appropriate
research methods, techniques,
models, frameworks, and/or
theories in developing and
justifying multiple solutions or
conclusions; solutions or
conclusions are insightful,
coherent, well supported,
logically consistent, and
complete.

 

 
 

Tags:

Project Management

UNDERGRADUATE

ASSIGNMENT SPECIFICATION

 

Programme: BABS Module Level (3,4,5 or 6): 5
Module: Project Management Module code: SBLC5001

Contribution to Overall

Module Assessment (%):

100% Assignment No(s): Assignment 1: 50%

Assignment 2: 50%

Assignment Title(s): Assessment Component 1- Individual Essay

Assessment Component 2- Case Study Analysis

Lecturer: Chandranna Rayadurg Internal Verifier: Guru Srinivasan
Hand Out Date: 19/02/2018 Submission deadline:

 

Feedback deadline:

 

 

 

 

Referencing: In the main body of your submission you must give credit to authors on whose research your work is based. Append to your submission a reference list in Harvard style that indicates the books, articles, etc. that you have read or quoted in order to complete this assignment (e.g. for books: surname of author and initials, year of publication, title of book, edition, publisher: place of publication).
Disclosure:

 

Please include the following statement on the title page of the submitted assignment, followed by your name:

 

I declare that this assignment is all my own work and that I have acknowledged all materials used from the published or unpublished works of other people. All references have been duly cited.

 

Turnitin: All assignments must be submitted to Turnitin unless otherwise instructed by the Lecturer.

Note: the Turnitin version is the primary submission and acts as a receipt for the student.  Late submission of the electronic version of the assignment will result in a late penalty mark.  Penalties for late submission: Up to one week late, maximum mark of 50%.  Over one week late, Refer.  Only the UWTSD Extenuating Circumstances Panel may grant an extension.

YES X
NO  

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Learning Outcomes tested

(from module syllabus)

Assessment Criteria To achieve each outcome a student must demonstrate the ability to:
 

1.       Be able to devise and implement a project management plan and work effectively within a project team.

 

2.       Understand the primary concepts and practices underpinning Project management.

 

3.       Understand the contexts for project management and project planning in a localised and/or global context.

 

 

 

 

·       Work as an individual to research, write and structure a report that demonstrates project management principles

 

·       Understand the tools and techniques to solve problems associated with projects in real life scenarios.

 

·       Enable the student to learn the primary elements of Project Management to such an extent that he/she is able to develop a detailed project plan for a small or large- scale project.

 

·       Give students an opportunity to be an individual contributor, working on a project team to define, plan and manage a project.

 


 

TASK DESCRIPTION – ASSIGNMENT 1-50%: Individual Essay

 

BACKGROUND / INTRODUCTION

 

You are required to identify a project and its suitable activities or tasks along with predecessors and durations. You must identify at least 10 major activities of suitable complexity so that each activity would have at least a few predecessors and successors as in real life.  The project has to be approved by the lecturer before you start working on it at least four weeks before the deadline of the assignment. Please see your lecturer to discuss the project and its activities outside the lecture hours. However, lecturer would explain sample projects that you could consider for selection.

 

You have been working with your company for the last 3 years and it is the right time for you to take a project manager role and provide the answers for the following tasks.

TASKS

 

  1. You are required to construct the network diagram illustrating the backward and forward pass with necessary attributes. You will have to determine and highlight the critical path explaining and evaluating what this indicates and what significant effects it has on the completion of the project. [700 words or Equivalent](Total marks: 30)

 

  1. Communication among the teams’ members and other stakeholders is one of the important factors for a project to be completed successfully. Critically discuss the importance of Communications Management with respect to the project you have selected. [750 words] (30 marks)

 

  1. Critically discuss

 

  1. Different options for accelerating project completion.
  2. How projects would be implemented when resources are constrained and not constrained.

 

[750 words]       (30 marks)

 

  1. In modern project management, it could be typical to manage several projects from overseas. Critically discuss how this could be managed with virtual meetings. [300 words] (10 marks)

 

LENGTH REQUIRED

 

2500 words +/- 10%.  Any deviation from this will be penalised.


 

 

FORMATTING AND LAYOUT

 

 

Please note the following when completing your written assignment:

  1. Writing: Written in English in an appropriate business/academic style
  2. Focus: Focus only on the tasks set in the assignment.
  3. Length:2500 words
  4. Formatting: Typed on A4 paper in Times New Roman or Arial font 12 with at least 2.5 centimetre space at each edge, double spaced and pages numbered.
  5. Document format: Individual Essay
  6. Ensure a clear title, course, and name or ID number is on a cover sheet and a bibliography using Harvard referencing throughout is also provided.
  7. Research: Research should use reliable and relevant sources of information e.g. academic books and journals that have been peer reviewed. The research should be extensive.

 

 

The use of a range of information sources is expected – academic books, peer reviewed journal articles, professional articles, press releases and newspaper articles, reliable statistics, company annual reports and other company information. All references should be in the Harvard style.


 

 

 

marking criteria and Student FEEDBACK – ASSIGNMENT 1 (50%)

This section details the assessment criteria. The extent to which these are demonstrated by you determines your mark. The marks available for each criterion are shown. Lecturers use a similar format to comment on the achievement of the task(s), including those areas in which you have performed well and areas that would benefit from development/improvement.

 

Common Assessment Criteria Applied Marks available Marks

Awarded

1. Research-informed Literature

Extent of research and/or own reading, selection of credible sources, application of appropriate referencing conventions.

   
The very first task given is based on a specific problem given, which will have a unique network diagram. However, Tasks 2 and 3 are research-based questions. You must explore the literature and provide suitable references.

Marks will be awarded based on the research that is relevant to finding answers to the given tasks.

10  
 
2. Knowledge and Understanding of Subject

Extent of knowledge and understanding of concepts and underlying principles associated with the discipline.

   
Knowledge and understanding of relevant theoretical models with respect to the network diagramming methods and the importance of identifying one or more critical paths must be evident.

To answer the given tasks, students must have a clear understanding of the concepts and detailed working knowledge to arrive at solutions.

15  
 
3. Analysis

Analysis, evaluation and synthesis; logic, argument and judgement; analytical reflection; organisation of ideas and evidence

   
In answering task 1, solution must be analysed in detailed steps rather than simply arriving at it. An accurate key or legend must be provided for each node in the network diagram. Critical path analysis in general and its implication on current project must be carried out.

For tasks 2 and 3, possible alternate solutions must be provided and justified.

This is where students can apply their knowledge, skills gained through research and understanding of concepts that they have acquired through the above 2 criteria.

45  
 
4. Practical Application and Deployment

Deployment of methods, materials, tools and techniques; application of concepts; formulation of innovative and creative solutions to solve problems.

   
 

Practical challenges in applying theoretical concepts and any tools and techniques that could be used can be specified.

Marks are awarded based on what tools and techniques students have employed to solve the given tasks. Credit will be given if there is any innovation and creativity.

20  
 
5. Skills for Professional Practice

Attributes in professional practice: individual and collaborative working; deployment of appropriate media; presentation and organisation.

   
 

Presenting your assignment professionally in an appropriate format

 

 

 

10  
TOTAL 100  

 

Assignment Mark (Assessment marks are subject to ratification at the Exam Board.  These comments and marks are to give feedback on module work and are for guidance only until they are confirmed. ) Late Submission Penalties (tick if appropriate) %

 

 

TASK DESCRIPTION – ASSIGNMENT 2-50%: Case Study Analysis

 

This assignment is based on the project and its tasks that you have identified in Assignment 1.

 

Part1: Initiation

 

Scenario

 

In continuation with the above project from assignment 1, you have an option of either:

  • Get it done by out-sourcing it, or
  • Complete the project using the companies’ own employees.

 

Tasks

 

  1. Write a short report by critically evaluating the advantages and disadvantages of outsourcing of your project. [600 words]

 

Part2: Planning

 

Scenario

 

You have identified at least ten major tasks for the project in assignment 1. You have formed a team of five people to work on this project with various roles. Using the major activities you have identified, provide answers for the following tasks.

              Tasks

  1. Create a Work Breakdown Structure (WBS) with all the major tasks you have identified. In doing so, you have to identify subtasks at least up to level 3 under each project phase. You are free to add any relevant additional tasks. You can use the five phases of project management, Initiation, Planning, Execution, Monitor and Controlling and Closing in creating Work Breakdown Structure.[600 words]

Part 3: Execution

Scenario

Your project has been going well until now with no major challenges and your team is proud of it. It has been two months into the project since it has started, and you have another two months to go. One of the key team members, Mark met with an accident and has been advised to take bed rest at least for two months. This is a big setback for you, as you cannot afford to lose even a single staff.

Tasks

  1. Prepare a milestone report for the project based on information or functionalities you have identified. Add additional milestones, if needed, to make the report more meaningful. Use the milestone report template on portal. [400 words]

 


 

Part 4: Controlling

Scenario

Due to Brexit uncertainties, Alex, one of the team members, could not promise any extra funds to hire a new staff member to replace Mark, whose work is being piled up. Three months into the project, you as a project manager and your team are very concerned about the progress of the project. After reviewing the progress, it has been decided to have a series of bi-monthly meetings with all affected staff.

 

Tasks

 

  1. After the first bi-monthly meeting and consultations with business experts, you have convinced Alex that the only way to finish project successfully is to compromise scope by having only absolute essential functionality or by hiring the extra staff to finish the project on time with additional cost. Critically evaluate what functionality and/or tasks can be compromised compared to hiring additional staff with extra funding in the current project. [500 words]

          Part 5: Closing

            Scenario

It is one week before your final project presentation. You have been successful in meeting time and cost deadlines. However, scope had to be compromised! You have been really helpful in making this project a success.

              Tasks

  1. Prepare a lessons-learned report for the entire project. Include input from all stakeholders in summarizing the lessons learned. Use the template provided on portal.

[400 words]

LENGTH REQUIRED

 

 

 

2500 words +/- 10%.  Any deviation from this will be penalised.

 

FORMATTING AND LAYOUT

 

 

Please note the following when completing your written assignment:

  1. Writing: Written in English in an appropriate business/academic style
  2. Focus: Focus only on the tasks set in the assignment.
  3. Length: 2500 words
  4. Formatting: Typed on A4 paper in Times New Roman or Arial font 12 with at least 2.5 centimetre space at each edge, double-spaced and pages numbered.
  5. Document format: Case Study Analysis
  6. Ensure a clear title, course, and name or ID number is on a cover sheet and a bibliography using Harvard referencing throughout is also provided.
  7. Research: Research should use reliable and relevant sources of information e.g. academic books and journals that have been peer reviewed. The research should be extensive.

 

The use of a range of information sources is expected – academic books, peer reviewed journal articles, professional articles, press releases and newspaper articles, reliable statistics, company annual reports and other company information.  All references must be in Harvard style.

marking criteria and Student FEEDBACK – ASSIGNMENT 2 (50%)

This section details the assessment criteria. The extent to which these are demonstrated by you determines your mark. The marks available for each criterion are shown. Lecturers use a similar format to comment on the achievement of the task(s), including those areas in which you have performed well and areas that would benefit from development/improvement.

 

Common Assessment Criteria Applied Marks available Marks

Awarded

1. Research-informed Literature

Extent of research and/or own reading, selection of credible sources, application of appropriate referencing conventions.

   
Require students to carry out relevant research identifying various sources likes books, latest journals etc. Marks will be awarded based on the research that is relevant to finding answers to the given task. Good answers show evidence of research beyond the case material provided.

 

10  
 
2. Knowledge and Understanding of Subject

Extent of knowledge and understanding of concepts and underlying principles associated with the discipline.

   
This criterion assesses students’ acquired knowledge and understanding of different theories, models through research and independent study. Marks are given for identification and application of relevant theoretical models. 15  
 
3. Analysis

Analysis, evaluation and synthesis; logic, argument and judgement; analytical reflection; organisation of ideas and evidence

   
This criterion carries a significant amount of marks, as analysis is required in many complex tasks, which require many skills.

Analysis comes from appropriate data and information to provide insights.

 

30  
 
4. Practical Application and Deployment

Deployment of methods, materials, tools and techniques; application of concepts; formulation of innovative and creative solutions to solve problems.

   
Application of concepts, theories, models, skills etc. to given tasks, which are similar to real life scenarios, is very critical to be successful in employment. ALL recommendations to be sourced from and relevant to the analysis provided.

 

30  
 
5. Skills for Professional Practice

Attributes in professional practice: individual and collaborative working; deployment of appropriate media; presentation and organisation.

   
Report format normally includes the following sections: Executive Summary, Introduction, Main Findings, Conclusions, Recommendations, References and Appendices.  Your report should be written in a suitable academic writing style i.e. using the third person

 

 

 

15  
TOTAL 100  

 

Assignment Mark (Assessment marks are subject to ratification at the Exam Board.  These comments and marks are to give feedback on module work and are for guidance only until they are confirmed. ) Late Submission Penalties (tick if appropriate) %

 

 

 

 

 

GUIDANCE FOR Students IN THE COMPLETION OF TASKS

 

NOTE: The guidance offered below is linked to the five common assessment criteria above.

 

  1. Research-informed Literature

Your work must be informed and supported by scholarly material that is relevant to and focused on the task(s) set.    You should provide evidence that you have accessed a wide range of sources, which may be academic, governmental and industrial; these sources may include academic journal articles, textbooks, current news articles, organisational documents, and websites.  You should consider the credibility of your sources; academic journals are normally highly credible sources while websites require careful consideration/selection and should be used sparingly.   Any sources you use should be current and up-to-date, mostly published within the last five years or so, though seminal/important works in the field may be older.  You must provide evidence of your research/own reading throughout your work, using in-text citations in the main body of your work and a reference list that is alphabetical at the end of your work. Please use the Harvard referencing system.

 

  1. Knowledge and Understanding of Subject

Your work must demonstrate the growing extent of your knowledge and understanding of concepts and underlying principles associated with the subject area.  Knowledge relates to the facts, information and skills you have acquired through your learning.  You demonstrate your understanding by interpreting the meaning of the facts and information (knowledge). This means that you need to select and include in your work the concepts, techniques, models, theories, etc. appropriate to the task(s) set.  You should be able to explain the theories, concepts, etc. meaningfully to show your understanding.  Your mark/grade will also depend upon the extent to which you demonstrate your knowledge and understanding; ideally each should be complete and detailed, with comprehensive coverage.

 

  1. Analysis

Your work must contain evidence of logical, analytical thinking, evaluation and synthesis. For example, to examine and break information down into parts, make inferences, compile, compare and contrast information.  This means not just describing What! but also justifying: Why? How? When? Who? Where? At all times, you must provide justification for your arguments and judgements.  Evidence that you have reflected upon the ideas of others within the subject area is crucial to you providing a reasoned and informed debate within your work.  Furthermore, you should provide evidence that you are able to make sound judgements and convincing arguments using data and concepts.  Sound, valid conclusions are necessary and must be derived from the content of your work.  There should be no new information presented within your conclusion.  Where relevant, alternative solutions and recommendations may be proposed.

 

  1. Practical Application and Deployment

You should be able to demonstrate how the subject-related concepts and ideas relate to real world situations or a particular context.  How do they work in practice?  You will deploy models, methods, techniques, and/or theories, in that context, to assess current situations, perhaps to formulate plans or solutions to solve problems, some of which may be innovative and creative.  This is likely to involve, for instance, the use of real world examples and cases, the application of a model within an organisation and/or benchmarking one organisation against others based on stated criteria.  You should show awareness of the limitations of concepts and theories when applied in particular contexts.

 

  1. Skills for Professional Practice

Your work must provide evidence of the attributes expected in professional practice.  This includes demonstrating your individual initiative and/or collaborative working. You must communicate effectively in a suitable format, which may be written and/or oral, for example, essay, management report, presentation. Work should be coherent and well structured in presentation and organisation.

Specific to this assignment: Report format normally includes the following sections: Executive Summary, Introduction, Main Findings, Conclusions, Recommendations, References and Appendices.  Your report should be written in a suitable academic writing style i.e. using the third person.

 

 

 


UNDERGRADUATE – COMMON ASSESSMENT AND MARKING CRITERIA

  OUTRIGHT FAIL UNSATISFACTORY SATISFACTORY GOOD VERY GOOD EXCELLENT EXCEPTIONAL
Assessment Criteria 0-29% 30-39%* 40-49% 50-59% 60-69% 70-79% 80-100%
1. Research-informed Literature

Extent of research and/or own reading,  selection of credible sources, application of appropriate referencing conventions

Little or no evidence of reading.

Views and findings unsupported and non-authoritative.

Referencing conventions largely ignored.

Poor evidence of reading and/or of reliance on inappropriate sources, and/or indiscriminate use of sources.

Referencing conventions used inconsistently.

References to a limited range of mostly relevant sources. Some omissions and minor errors.

Referencing conventions evident though not always applied consistently.

Inclusion of a range of research-informed literature, including sources retrieved independently. Referencing conventions mostly consistently applied. Inclusion of a wide range of research-informed literature, including sources retrieved independently.

Selection of relevant and credible sources.  Very good use of referencing conventions, consistently applied.

A comprehensive range of research informed literature embedded in the work. Excellent selection of relevant and credible sources. High-level referencing skills, consistently applied. Outstanding knowledge of research-informed literature embedded in the work. Outstanding selection of relevant and credible sources. High-level referencing skills consistently and professionally applied.
2. Knowledge and Understanding of Subject

Extent of knowledge and understanding of concepts and underlying principles associated with the discipline.

Major gaps in knowledge and understanding of material at this level. Substantial inaccuracies. Gaps in knowledge, with only superficial understanding. Some significant inaccuracies. Evidence of basic knowledge and understanding of the relevant concepts and underlying principles. Knowledge is accurate with a good understanding of the field of study. Knowledge is extensive.  Exhibits understanding of the breadth and depth of established views. Excellent knowledge and understanding of the main concepts and key theories. Clear awareness of challenges to established views and the limitations of the knowledge base. Highly detailed knowledge and understanding of the main theories/concepts, and a critical awareness of the ambiguities and limitations of knowledge.
3.  Analysis

Analysis, evaluation and synthesis; logic, argument and judgement; analytical reflection; organisation  of ideas and evidence

Unsubstantiated generalisations, made without use of any credible evidence. Lack of logic, leading to unsupportable/ missing conclusions. Lack of any attempt to analyse, synthesise or evaluate. Some evidence of analytical intellectual skills, but for the most part descriptive. Ideas/findings sometimes illogical and contradictory. Generalised statements made with scant evidence. Conclusions lack relevance. Evidence of some logical, analytical thinking and some attempts to synthesise, albeit with some weaknesses.

Some evidence to support findings/ views, but evidence not consistently interpreted.

Some relevant conclusions and recommendations, where relevant

Evidence of some logical, analytical thinking and synthesis. Can analyse new and/or abstract data and situations without guidance.

An emerging awareness of different stances and ability to use evidence to support the argument.

Valid conclusions and recommendations, where relevant

Sound, logical, analytical thinking; synthesis and evaluation. Ability to devise and sustain persuasive arguments, and to review the reliability, validity & significance of evidence. Ability to communicate ideas and evidence accurately and convincingly.

Sound, convincing conclusions / recommendations.

Thoroughly logical work, supported by evaluated evidence. High quality analysis, developed independently or through effective collaboration.

Ability to investigate contradictory information and identify reasons for contradictions.

Strong, persuasive, conclusions, justifiable recommendations.

Exceptional work; judiciously selected and evaluated evidence. Very high quality analysis, developed independently or through effective collaboration.

Ability to investigate contradictory information and identify reasons for contradictions.

Highly persuasive conclusions

4. Practical Application and Deployment

Effective deployment of appropriate methods, materials, tools and techniques; extent of skill demonstrated in the application of concepts to a variety of processes and/or contexts; formulation of innovative and creative solutions to solve problems.

Limited or no use of methods, materials, tools and/or techniques.

Little or no appreciation of the context of the application.

Rudimentary application of methods, materials, tools and/or techniques but without consideration and competence. Flawed appreciation of the context of the application.

 

 

An adequate awareness and mostly appropriate application of well established methods, materials, tools and/or techniques.

Basic appreciation of the context of the application.

 

A good and appropriate application of standard methods, materials, tools and/or techniques.

Good appreciation of the context of the application, with some use of examples, where relevant.

 

A very good application of a range of methods, materials, tools and/or techniques.

Very good consideration of the context of the application, with perceptive use of examples, where relevant.

Evidence of some innovation and creativity.

An advanced application of a range of methods, materials, tools and/or techniques.

The context of the application is well considered, with extensive use of relevant examples.

Application and deployment extend beyond established conventions.  Innovation and creativity evident throughout.

Outstanding levels of application and deployment skills. Assimilation and development of cutting edge processes and techniques.
5. Skills for Professional Practice

Demonstrates attributes expected in professional practice including: individual initiative and collaborative working; deployment of appropriate media to communicate (including written and oral); clarity and effectiveness in presentation and organisation.

Communication media is inappropriate or misapplied.

Little or no evidence of autonomy in the completion of tasks.

Work is poorly structured and/or largely incoherent.

Media is poorly designed and/or not suitable for the audience.

Poor independent or collaborative initiative.

Work lacks structure, organisation, and/or coherence

Can communicate in a suitable format but with some room for improvement.

Can work as part of a team, but with limited involvement in group activities.

Work lacks coherence in places and could be better structured.

Can communicate effectively in a suitable format, but may have minor errors.

Can work effectively as part of a team, with clear contribution to group activities.

Mostly coherent work and is in a suitable structure.

Can communicate well, confidently and consistently in a suitable format.

Can work very well as part of a team, with very good contribution to group activities.

Work is coherent and fluent and is well structured and organised.

Can communicate professionally and, confidently in a suitable format.

Can work professionally within a team, showing leadership skills as appropriate, managing conflict and meeting obligations.

Work is coherent, very fluent and is presented professionally.

Can communicate with an exceptionally high level of professionalism.

Can work exceptionally well and professionally within a team, showing advanced leadership skills.

Work is exceptionally coherent, very fluent and is presented professionally.

 

Student Self Evaluation Form
Student name:   Student number:  
Programme:   Year of programme  
Assignment Title:  

This section repeats in brief the common assessment criteria detailed on previous pages. The extent to which these are demonstrated by you determines your mark. Using these criteria, tick the box that best indicates the level of achievement you feel you have achieved with regard to each of them. Please note that this self-assessment is used as a developmental tool only and has no impact on the way in which your work will be marked.

Common Assessment Criteria Applied Level of Achievement
 

REFER

 

3rd

 

2:2

 

2:1

 

1st

 

1st

  OUTRIGHT FAIL UNSATISFACTORY SATISFACTORY GOOD VERY GOOD EXCELLENT EXCEPTIONAL
1. Research-informed Literature

 

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2. Knowledge and Understanding of Subject 0-29% 30-39% 40-49% 50-59% 60-69% 70-79% 80-100%
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3. Analysis

 

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4. Practical Application and Deployment

 

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5. Skills for Professional Practice

 

0-29% 30-39% 40-49% 50-59% 60-69% 70-79% 80-100%
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PLEASE COMMENT ON AREAS IN WHICH YOU FEEL THAT YOU HAVE PERFORMED WELL PLEASE COMMENT ON AREAS you feel that you need TO DEVELOP
 

 

 

 

 

 

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Man and Wife

Man and Wife

No unread replies.44 replies.

It’s time for you to mansplain a few things to your classmates — two short paragraphs from the Interpretative Questions for our story.

1) Mary Ellen’s Barbie dolls represent more than just child’s play. What roles does “Barbie” play in this story?

2) In what ways does this story ask us to reconsider marriage customs and gender expectations in our culture?

ps/ you may want to briefly research the origin story of the Barbie doll

 
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Posted by on April 4, 2018 in Academic Writing

 

psychology

Your assignment is to take an online test to determine how closely the physical health of your body matches your chronological age. Create an account by going to this website:

https://hcamidwest.com/your-health/real-age-test.dot (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site.

You can opt out of receiving any future emails for advertising purposes after you get the results. The test should take about 30 minutes, and is most accurate if you know your blood pressure, cholesterol, and something about your family medical history.

Write and submit a 1 – 2 page paper summarizing the results of your RealAge test. Reflect on issues such as the reasons for your positive or negative score, what steps you can take to improve your health, and how accurate you believe the test to be.

 
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Posted by on April 4, 2018 in Academic Writing

 

Week 6 assignment thread 2

Write 250 words for each question:

 

 
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Posted by on April 4, 2018 in Academic Writing